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DORSET
LLANGOLLEN
BOLSOVER
FAREHAM
POOLE
DUDLEY
BRADFORD
GLASGOW
READING
BARNSLEY
DUNDEE
LONDONDERRY
BRENT
GLOSSOP
REDDITCH
BASINGSTOKE
DUNGANNON
MACCLESFIELD
BRENTWOOD
GRET YARMOUTH
REIGATE-BANSTEAD
BATH
DURHAM
BRIGHTON
GUILDFORD
ROTHERHAM
BEACONSFIELD
DURAM COUNTRY
MARLOW
BURNLEY
HACKNEY
SEAFORD
BEDFORD
EAST SUSSEX
NEWCASTLE
CAMBRIDGE
HARROW
SEVENOAKS
BELFAST
EDINBURGH
NORTHUMBERLAND COUNTY
CAMDEN
HASTINGS
SHEFFIELD
BIRMINGHAM
EGLINTON
NOTTINGHAMSHIRE COUNTY
CARDIFF
HATFIELD
SHEFFORD
BLACKPOOL
ENFIELD
PETERBOROUGH
CHELMSFORD
HENLEY
SOUTH LANARKSHIRE
CHESTER
KETTERING
SURREY
CHELTENHAM
IPSWICH
ST.ANDREWS
CHRISTCHURCH
KINGSTON
SWANSEA
CHESHAM
ISLE OF BUTE
STOCKPORT
CORNWALL
KINGSTON UPON HULL
TELFORD
DARLINGTON
LEWES
WHITBY
COVENTRY
LEEDS
WALSALL
DEDDINGTON
LEWISHAM
WOLVERHAMPTON
CROYDON
LEICESTERSHIRE COUNTY
WALTHAM
DERBY
LINCOLNSHIRE COUNTY
YORK

ENGLAND

Land area: 93,278 sq mi (241,590 sq km); total area: 94,526 sq mi (244,820 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 63,742,977 (growth rate: 0.54%); birth rate: 12.22/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.44/1000; life expectancy: 80.42; density per sq km: 255.6

Capital and largest city (2013 est.): London, 13,614,409 (metro. area), 9,787,426 (city proper)

Other large cities: Birmingham, 2.272 million; Manchester, 2.213 million; West Yorkshire, 1.625 million; Glasgow, 1.137 million; Newcastle upon Tyne, 874,000

Monetary unit: Pound sterling (£)

土地面積:93,278平方英里(241,590平方公里); 總面積:94,526平方英里(244,820平方公里)

人口(2014年):63,742,977(增長率:0.54%); 出生率:12.22 / 1000; 嬰兒死亡率:4.44 / 1000; 預期壽命:80.42; 每平方公里密度:255.6

首都和最大城市(2013年):倫敦,13,614,409(地鐵面積),9,787,426(市區)

其他大城市:伯明翰2.272億; 曼徹斯特,221.3萬; 西約克郡,162.5萬; 格拉斯哥,113.7萬; 泰恩河上的紐卡斯爾,874,000

貨幣單位:英鎊(£)

London, the British capital, largest city and largest port and one of Europe's largest metropolitan area and one of the three major financial centers of the world, New York and Tokyo, Japan and the United States tied. 2005, the population of London for 7.5 million population of the metropolitan area is more than 1200 people. London, England, located on the southeastern plains, across the Thames River, 88 km from the Thames estuary. Since the 18th century, London has been the political, economic and cultural and artistic one, and entertainment center of the world's most important. July 13, 1908, the fourth Olympics opening ceremony in London, England. September 29, 1829, London police restructuring, which later became the famous "Scotland Yard." 2012 London Olympics third time.

Formerly many famous buildings in London is built in this period, including the famous London Bridge (London Bridge). It was started in the year 1176 construction, to be completed in 1209, followed by construction and demolition many times. 19th century, London has built a number of new museums, including the Victoria and Albert Museum (Victoria & Albert, 1852), the Science Museum (Science Museum, 1857) and the Natural History Museum (Natural History Museum, 1881 year). New Scotland Yard (New Scotland Yard) is built in 1891.
By the early 20th century, London has a population of 6.6 million, is the world's largest city, and today's London remains Europe's largest metropolis. London, England, located in the southeast, across the River Thames downstream sides, 88 km from the mouth, seagoing vessel can reach. From the "City of London" and 32 city form a "Greater London", an area of ​​1,605 square kilometers.

London and westerly affected by the North Atlantic Drift, is a temperate climate, little seasonal temperature, cool in summer and warm in winter, moist air, more rain and fog, winter is even worse. City of London because often filled with damp mist, so the man called "fog" alias. London is Europe's third largest. Many people still believe that English is Anglo - Saxon countries, the white majority. Not so, the guests would probably first visit to London where there are so many blacks, Asians and feel scared. As in the past the capital of the British Empire, London is not only incorporated the old colonial heritage, but also accommodating a large number of immigrants, which produced a variety of profound social problems. On the other hand, it is also one of the conditions to become an international metropolis.

London is the country's political center, is the seat of the British royal family, government, parliament and political parties headquarters. Palace of Westminster is the UK parliament, and lower houses of activities, it is also known as the Parliament lobby. Parliament Square, Westminster Abbey south, where the United Kingdom has been crowned king or queen and the royal family wedding built after 1065. There are more than 20 British king, the famous statesman, military strategist and Newton, Darwin, Dickens, Hardy and other scientists, writers and artists of the cemetery.

Buckingham Palace is a British Royal Palace, located in the central area of ​​West London, St James Park, east, west, Hyde Park, is a member of the British royal family to live and work place, but also places the British major state events. Whitehall is the seat of British government agencies, the Prime Minister's Office, the Privy Council, the Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Finance, the Department of Defense and other major government institutions are located here. Whitehall is located in the heart of 10 Downing Street, Prime Minister's Office, which is the official residence of the British Prime Minister ages. London is not only the center of British politics, or the location of the headquarters of many international organizations, including the International Maritime Organization, the International Cooperative Alliance, International PEN, the International Women's Alliance, the Socialist International.

London London Stock Exchange is one of the city's four major world stock exchanges. In addition, the City of London as well as a large number of commodity exchanges, in gold, silver, non-ferrous metals, wool, rubber, coffee, cocoa, cotton, oil, timber, sugar, tea and antiques and other valuables or bulk commodity trading worldwide.

Theatrical performances in London's arts and entertainment in the form of extremely rich. Opera, musical theater, classical music, rock, jazz, royal ballet, tap dance, everything, and incredibly cheap fares. At least 1,000 more than the London theater, mostly staged Shakespeare, George Bernard Shaw's works. London theater can be roughly divided into two kinds, commercial theater performances by famous actor famous writers based. The most famous are the National Theatre and the Royal Shakespeare Theatre. In a small theater can watch some of the fledgling writer's creative, relaxed atmosphere of the theater. Enjoy classical concerts in London feel more relaxed, very good concert hall acoustics, concert ticket is very cheap. July - September each year, to be held in London, "classical music Xia Jisheng would" invite world-renowned conductor and orchestra performances at the Royal Albert Hall. London's famous Concert Hall, Queen Elizabeth Hall, the Albert Hall, the Royal Academy of Music, etc., which may be called the Royal Concertgebouw celebration of London's top concert halls.

London is the world's cultural city. The British Museum was built in the 18th century, is the world's largest museum, focused on a number of the UK and the world of ancient artifacts. Egyptian Museum the museum, displays more than 70,000 pieces of various relics of ancient Egypt; Greek and Roman Museum, displays a variety of exquisite bronzes, pottery, porcelain, coins, paintings and many ancient Greece, ancient Rome large stone; Oriental Museum, displays a large number of cultural relics from Central Asia, the South Asian subcontinent, Southeast Asia and the Far East. There Valencia museum Museum, British Museum, Museum of gold badges, books, painting museum. In addition to the British Museum, London and the famous Science Museum, the National Gallery and other cultural facilities. University of London, the Royal Dance School, the Royal Academy of Music, the Royal College of Art and Imperial College is the UK's leading universities, etc..

London (London) UK / British capital, largest city and the largest port in the United Kingdom, one of Europe's largest metropolitan area and one of the four world-class city, and the United States, New York, Paris and Tokyo, Japan, and called today's global four city. London, United Kingdom city status has not been officially it is not really the city, but because she has been since the 18th century, is one of the world's most important political, economic, cultural, arts and entertainment center, most people mistakenly think she is a city. Two thousand years ago the Romans founded this city from London, has been of great influence in the world. Core areas of the city of London, from the Middle Ages still maintained since the division boundaries. However, the latest since the nineteenth century, "London" is the name also represents the City of London developed around the surrounding areas. These satellite cities constitute the metropolitan area of London and the Greater London area.

London is a very diverse city, its residents from around the world, with diverse ethnic, religious and cultural; language used in the city more than 300 kinds. Meanwhile, London is still the world-famous tourist destination, with attractions such as the large number of museums.

Royal Academy of Music (Royal Academy of Music) was founded in 1883 by the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII), and was accepted as a member of the Royal Society. Dean often held by the royal family, served as president from 1952 onwards by Her Majesty the Queen Mother, Her Majesty sponsor for college.

Royal College of Music in the main building in South Kensington, in the generous sponsorship of Mr. Samson Fox next, conducted in 1894 in a renovated main building now occupied by the royal exhibition venues Committee members approved the use of annual 1851 .

Royal Academy of Music for performances or want to pursue teaching, or preparing to seek other occupations in the field of music students with training and education, and to provide practical teaching college classes for instrumentalists, singers, conductor and composer. The college also is possible to provide accommodation for students to become teachers, these students prefer colleges of education courses, they seek musical training is focused on improving performance skills rather than college courses.

ains is one of Ireland's picturesque regions. Here uninhabited, the show is full of natural landscapes original ecological beauty. Along the winding stretch of road or walk and swim and swim or drive, will be a pleasant journey full of clear your mind.


伦敦,英国首都、第一大城及第一大港,也是欧洲最大的都会区之一兼世界三大金融中心之一,与美国纽约和日本东京并列。 2005年,伦敦的人口为750万,都会区的人口则超过1200万人。伦敦位于英格兰东南部的平原上,跨泰晤士河,距离泰晤士河入海口88公里。自18世纪以来,伦敦一直是世界上最重要的政治、经济、文化、艺术和娱乐中心之一。 1908年7月13日,第四届奥运会在英国伦敦开幕。 1829年9月29日,伦敦警察重组,即后来著名的“苏格兰场”。 2012年伦敦第三次举办奥运会。

伦敦不少著名建筑物的前身就是在这个时期兴建的,其中包括著名的伦敦桥(London Bridge)。它是在公元1176年开始建筑,到1209年完工​​,其后屡经拆建。 19世纪,伦敦有一批新的博物馆建成,包括维多利亚和艾伯特博物馆(Victoria & Albert,1852年)、科学博物馆(Science Museum,1857年)和自然历史博物馆(Natural History Museum,1881年)。新苏格兰场(New Scotland Yard)则建造于1891年。
到了20世纪初,伦敦人口已经有660万,是全世界最大的都市,而今天的伦敦仍然是欧洲的最大都市。伦敦位于英格兰东南部,跨泰晤士河下游两岸,距河口88公里,海轮可直达。由“伦敦城”和32个市组成“大伦敦”,面积1,605平方公里。

伦敦受北大西洋暖流和西风影响,属温带海洋性气候,四季温差小,夏季凉爽,冬季温暖,空气湿润,多雨雾,秋冬尤甚。伦敦市区因常常充满着潮湿的雾气,因此有个叫“雾都”的别名。伦敦是欧洲第三大都市。许多人仍然相信,英国是盎格鲁—撒克逊人的国家,白人占绝大多数。事实并非如此,初次访问伦敦的客人大概会对这里有如此之多的黑人、东方人而感到惊。作为过去大英帝国的首都,伦敦不仅收纳了旧殖民地的遗产,也收纳了大量的移民,由此产生了各种深刻的社会问题。但从另一方面来说,这也是成为国际性大都市的条件之一。

伦敦是全国的政治中心,是英国王室、政府、议会以及各政党总部的所在地。威斯敏斯特宫是英国议会上、下两院的活动场所,故又称为议会大厅。议会广场南边的威斯敏斯特大教堂,1065年建成后一直是英国国王或女王加冕及王室成员举行婚礼的地方。内有20多个英国国王、著名政治家、军事家以及牛顿、达尔文、狄更斯、哈代等科学家、文学家和艺术家的墓地。 

白金汉宫是英国王宫,坐落在西伦敦的中心区域,东接圣詹姆斯公园,西接海德公园,是英国王室成员生活和工作的地方,也是英国重大国事活动的场所。白厅是英国政府机关所在地,首相办公室、枢密院、内政部、外交部、财政部、国防部等主要政府机构都设在这里。白厅的核心是设在唐宁街10号的首相府,它是英国历代首相的官邸。伦敦不仅是英国的政治中心,还是许多国际组织总部的所在地,其中包括国际海事组织、国际合作社联盟、国际笔会、国际妇女同盟、社会党国际等。 

伦敦城中的伦敦股票交易所为世界4大股票交易所之一。此外,伦敦城还有众多的商品交易所,从事黄金、白银、有色金属、羊毛、橡胶、咖啡、可可、棉花、油料、木材、食糖、茶叶和古玩等贵重或大宗的世界性商品买卖。

文艺演出伦敦的艺术、娱乐形式极为丰富。歌剧、音乐剧、古典音乐、摇滚、爵士乐、皇家芭蕾、踢踏舞,应有尽有,而且票价便宜得难以置信。伦敦至少有1000个以上的剧场,大多上演莎士比亚、萧伯纳的作品。伦敦剧场大体可分为两种,商业性剧院以著名演员演出的著名作家作品为主。最为著名的有国家剧院和皇家莎士比亚剧院。在小型剧院中可以观赏到一些初出茅庐的作家的创作,剧场气氛轻松愉快。在伦敦欣赏古典音乐会倍感轻松惬意,音乐厅音响效果非常好,音乐会票价却很便宜。每年7月--9月,伦敦都要举行“古典音乐夏季盛会”,邀请世界著名的指挥家和乐队在皇家艾伯特大厅演出。伦敦有名的音乐厅有伊丽莎白女王音乐厅、艾伯特音乐厅、皇家音乐学院等,其中皇家庆典音乐厅可称为伦敦的顶尖音乐厅。

伦敦是世界文化名城。大英博物馆建于18世纪,是世界上最大的博物馆,集中了英国和世界各国许多的古代文物。博物馆内的埃及文物馆,陈列着7万多件古埃及的各种文物;希腊和罗马文物馆,陈列着各种精美的铜器、陶器、瓷器、金币、绘画以及许多古希腊、古罗马的大型石雕;东方文物馆,陈列有大量来自中亚、南亚次大陆、东南亚和远东的文物。馆内还有西亚文物馆、英国文物馆、金币徽章馆、图书绘画馆等。除大英博物馆外,伦敦还有著名的科学博物馆、国家画廊等文化设施。伦敦大学、皇家舞蹈学校、皇家音乐学院、皇家艺术学院和帝国理工学院等是英国的著名院校。

伦敦(London英国/不列颠首都、英国第一大城及第一大港,欧洲最大的都会区之一兼四大世界级城市之一,与美国纽约、法国巴黎和日本东京并称为当今全球四大都市。伦敦未获英国城市地位,正式来说算不上是城市,但因为自18世纪起她一直是世界上最重要的政治、经济、文化、艺术和娱乐中心之一,一般人都误以为她是一座城市。两千多年前罗马人成立这座都市起,伦敦一直在世界上具有极大的影响力。城市的核心地区伦敦市,仍保持着自中世纪起就划分的界限。然而,最晚自十九世纪起,“伦敦”这个名称同时也代表围绕着伦敦市开发的周遭地区。这些卫星城市构成了伦敦的都会区和大伦敦区。
  

伦敦是一个非常多元化的大都市,其居民来自世界各地,具有多元的种族、宗教和文化;城市中使用的语言超过300种。同时,伦敦还是世界闻名的旅游胜地,拥有数量众多的名胜景点与博物馆等。

皇家音乐学院(Royal Academy of Music)由韦尔斯亲王(后为国王爱德华七世)于1883年创立,并被接纳为皇家协会成员。学院院长常由皇室成员担任,从1952年起院长由太后陛下担任,女王陛下为该学院的资助人。

皇家音乐学院主建筑位于南肯辛顿,在萨姆森·福克斯先生的慷慨赞助下,于1894年进行了内装修,主建筑现占用的场地已由1851年度的皇家展览委员会的委员们批准使用。

皇家音乐学院为想要从事表演或教学,或准备在音乐领域谋求其他职业的学生提供培训教育,为乐器演奏者、歌唱者、指挥及作曲者提供实践教学及学院授课。学院还为可能成为教师的学生提供食宿,这些学生优先选择教育学院的课程,他们所寻求的是重点在于提高表演技巧而不是专科学院课程的音乐培训。

20 AMAZING FACTS IN LONDON

1. The Houses of Parliament are officially known as the Palace of Westminster and it is the largest palace in the country.

2. The Palace of Westminster has eight bars (where prices are kept cheap, thanks to the taxpayer), six restaurants, 1,000 rooms, 100 staircases, 11 courtyards, a hair salon, and rifle-shooting range.

3. Big Ben is the bell, not the clock tower. Its chime is in the key of E.

4. Unusual street names in London include Ha Ha Road in Greenwich, Hooker's Road in Walthamstow, Quaggy Walk in Blackheath, and Cyclops Mews and Uamvar Street in Limehouse.

5. Jimi Hendrix lived at 23 Brook Street, which has been used as offices but is now being converted into a museum.

6. London is full of pubs associated with artists, writers, and poets. The Fitzroy Tavern on Charlotte Street was famous for hosting Dylan Thomas, George Orwell, and satanist Aleister Crowley, who invented a cocktail once served there.

7. Great Ormond Street Hospital, off Russell Square, owns the copyright to Peter Pan and receives royalties from all associated works and performances. Author J.M. Barrie — who had no children himself — gifted the rights to the hospital in 1929.

8. The reading room at the British Museum is where Karl Marx wrote Das Kapital in between bouts of getting very drunk and asking Friedrich Engels to lend him more money.

9. Arsenal are the only football team in London to have a Tube station named after them. The station was called Gillespie Road and was renamed in 1932 after the team moved from Woolwich to North London.

10. More than half of the London Underground network in fact runs above ground.

11. London buses were not always red. Before 1907, different routes had different-coloured buses.

12. There's a sign on the Chelsea Embankment and Albert Bridge that orders marching troops to break their step as the cross, so the vibrations don't damage the structure.

13. The original medieval London Bridge was in use for more than 600 years; it featured heads displayed on spikes for more than half of that time, including that of Guy Fawkes and William Wallace.

14. To pass the Knowledge, the insanely difficult London geography test required of black-cab drivers in the city, you must master 320 basic routes, all of the 25,000 streets that are scattered within those routes, and about

20,000 landmarks and places interest within a six-mile radius of Charing Cross.

15. If you see someone on a scooter with a fluorescent jacket and a large map, it could well be a prospective cabbie studying for the Knowledge exam. It normally takes between two and four years to learn it fully.

16. Many believe the nursery rhyme "Pop Goes the Weasel" refers to the pawning of a suit to pay for drink. "Up and down the City Road, in and out the Eagle" refers to the Eagle pub on the corner of City Road and

Shepherdess Walk, which has the song lyrics on a sign outside.

17. Karl Marx drafted the Communist Manifesto in a room above the Red Lion pub on Great Windmill Street. It's now a trendy B@1 bar.

18. Stalin, Lenin, and Trotsky met at the now demolished Brotherhood Church on Southgate Road in Hackney for a meeting of the (banned) Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1907. There is a Tesco Metro on the site now.

19. Dog and Duck is a popular British pub name thanks to a game in which dogs would chase a duck whose wings had been clipped so it could only escape by diving into a pond. This was played at Balls Pond Road,

near Islington, among other places across the city.

20. You could fit either the Great Pyramid at Giza or the Statue of Liberty inside the Millennium Dome, now known as the O2 Arena, the largest structure of its kind in the world.

1.议会大厦正式被称为威斯敏斯特宫,是国内最大的宫殿。

2.威斯敏斯特宫有八个酒吧(价格保持廉价,得益于纳税人),六间餐厅,1,000间房间,100个楼梯,11间庭院,美发沙龙和步枪射击场。

大本钟是钟,不是钟楼。它的钟声处于E.的关键。

伦敦的不寻常的街道名称包括格林威治的哈哈路,Walthamstow的胡克路,Blackheath的Quaggy Walk,以及Limehouse的Cyclops Mews和Uamvar Street。

5. Jimi Hendrix住在布鲁克林街23号,该街被用作办公室,现在正在改建成博物馆。

伦敦充满了与艺术家,作家和诗人有关的酒吧。夏洛特街的Fitzroy酒馆以托伦·托马斯,乔治·奥威尔(George Orwell)和撒谎者阿列斯特·克劳利(Aleister Crowley)而闻名,他曾在那里发明了一种鸡尾酒。

7.罗素广场的大奥蒙德街医院拥有彼得潘的版权,并收到所有相关作品和表演的版权费。作者J.M. Barrie - 自己没有孩子 - 1929年给予医院的权利。

8.大英博物馆的阅览室是卡尔·马克思写道达卡·卡皮特的地方,在喝醉的时候,要求弗里德里希•恩格斯(Friedrich Engels)给他更多的钱。

阿森纳是伦敦唯一一个以他们命名的地铁站的足球队。该车站被称为吉列斯派(Gillespie)路,并于1932年改名为伍尔维奇(Woolwich)至北伦敦(North London)。

伦敦地铁网络的一半以上实际上在地面上。

伦敦巴士并不总是红色的。 1907年之前,不同的路线有不同颜色的巴士。

12.切尔西路堤和阿尔伯特大桥上有一个迹象,命令行军作为十字架打破步伐,所以振动不会损害结构。

原始的中世纪伦敦大桥使用了600多年;它的特点是尖峰上显示超过一半的时间,包括盖伊·福克斯和威廉·华莱士。

14.要通过知识,伦敦地铁测试需要城市黑客驾驶员的艰辛困难,您必须掌握320条基本路线,所有25,000条分散在这些路线内的街道,以及约20,000个地标和景点查林十字六公里半径。

15.如果您在带有荧光外套和大型地图的滑板车上看到某人,那么可能是一名准备进入知识考试的高级车手。通常需要两到四年才能充分学习。

许多人认为,苗圃韵诗“流行歌手”是指典当的一件西装来支付饮料。 “城市之路,进出老鹰”是指城市路和牧羊人步道角落的老鹰酒吧,歌曲外面有一首歌曲歌词。

卡尔·马克思马克思在大风车街红狮酒吧上方的一个房间里起草了共产党宣言。现在是一个时尚的B @ 1吧。

18.斯大林,列宁和托洛茨基在哈克尼的南门路现在被拆毁的兄弟会举行会议,在1907年举行了(禁止的)俄罗斯社会民主工党的会议。现在有一个特易购地铁。

狗和鸭是一个流行的英国酒吧名称,因为一个游戏,狗将追逐一只鸭子,翅膀被剪掉,所以它只能通过潜入池塘逃跑。这是在位于伊斯灵顿附近的Balls Pond Road,以及城市的其他地方。

20.您可以将吉萨金字塔或自由女神像纳入千年穹顶,现在被称为O2体育场,这是世界上最大的同类结构。