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SWEDEN CITIES

Sweden history and living culture

According to research by archaeologists, with snow inland ice age gradually dissolved,

Sweden inhabited the area around the Stone Age have been someone.

They live near the Baltic Sea, mainly in hunting, gathering and fishing.

When nine to ten centuries, the Swedish regional development of Viking culture,

trade, aggression, colonialism, etc. eastward development, regional impact, including the Baltic Sea, Russia and the Black Sea.

AD 1389, Norway, Denmark, Sweden, the three were wearing a monarchy, the only countries still maintain the identity of the country,

known as Kalmar (Kalmar) alliance. From the 15th century, the Swedes tried to resist annexation attempts Denmark.

1521, the Swedish king Gustav Vasa (Gustav Eriksson Vasa) re-establish the monarchy, Sweden independence from the league.

In the 17th century Sweden in the Thirty Years War (1 of 6 1 8 - 1 6 4 8) jumped to become European powers. 18 century,

the Great Northern War - after (1700 1721) to replace Russia's position in Europe, Sweden, in 1809 from Sweden,

Finland and more split out into the Grand Duchy of Russia.

In 1901, the first session of the Nobel Prize award ceremony held at the Royal College of Music in Stockholm, Sweden.

1902 Nobel Prize awarded by the King of Sweden began.

Sweden in World War I and World War II have remained neutral. However, in 1995 to abandon neutrality doctrine,

to join the EU. Sweden in 1997 and 1998 were two provinces combined, currently divided into

21 provinces (l ä n) and 289 municipalities (kommun). There are 21 administrative districts domain.

Executive Board by the local government appointments. Administrative District Council, members of city representatives.

Municipal administrative composed in 2002 there were 289 个 city.

Economy

20th century, Sweden maintained neutrality in international, local relative peace Stable,

Sweden practiced Unlike the U.S. capitalist system, a sound social security system, with "high-wage, high taxes,

high welfare" features. The main natural resources of the Swedish forests, hydropower, iron ore and so on.

Communications, machinery manufacturing, construction and transport is an important basic industries in Sweden.

Sweden has many well-known international brands, Volvo, Scania Commercial Vehicles, Saab Automobile and weapons,

Ericsson, Electrolux appliances, ABB, Tetra Pak aseptic packaging, Hasselblad, IKEA and H & M clothing, etc. .

Calculated by the proportion of the population, Sweden is the country with the largest multinational companies in the world.

Population

Sweden's high life expectancy, low birth rate. Most immigrants from Finland, the former Yugoslavia, Iran, Norway,

Denmark, Poland, reflecting the high mobility of the Nordic population.

Swedish is a Germanic language, has a relationship with the Danish and Norwegian, but the pronunciation and

writing are different. English is the most common second language, especially in people 50 years of age. Swedish

is undoubtedly the most universal language.

ruì diǎn lì shǐ wén huà jí shēng huó
瑞 典 歷 史 文 化 及 生 活

gēn jù kǎo gǔ xué jiā de yán jiū , suí zhe bīng hé shí qī nèi lù jī xuě jiàn jiàn róng jiě , ruì diǎn yí dài dì qū shí qì shí dài yǐ yǒu rén jù jū 。 tā men jū zhù zài bō luó de hǎi fù jìn , zhǔ yào yǐ dǎ liè 、 sōu jí 、 bǔ yú wèi shēng 。
根 據 考 古 學 家 的 研 究 , 隨 著 冰 河 時 期 內 陸 積 雪 漸 漸 溶 解 , 瑞 典 一 帶 地 區 石 器 時 代 已 有 人 聚 居 。 他 們 居 住 在 波 羅 的 海 附 近,主 要 以 打 獵 、 蒐 集 、 捕 魚 為 生 。

jiǔ zhì shí shì jì shí , ruì diǎn dì qū fā zhǎn chū wéi jīng wén huà , yǐ mào yì 、 qīn lüè 、 shi mín děng fāng shì xiàng dōng fā zhǎn , yǐng xiǎng de dì qū bāo kuò bō luó de hǎi 、 é luó sī jí hēi hǎi 。
九 至 十 世 紀 時 , 瑞 典 地 區 發 展 出 維 京 文 化 , 以 貿 易 、 侵 略 、 殖 民 等 方 式 向 東 發 展 , 影 響 的 地 區 包 括 波 羅 的 海 、 俄 羅 斯 及 黑 海 。

g ō n g y u á n 1 3 8 9 n i án , nuó wēi 、 dān mài 、 ruì diǎn sān guó gòng dài jūn zhǔ , wéi gè guó réng wéi chí guó jiā de shēn fèn , shǐ chēng kǎ ěr mǎ ( K a l m a r ) lián méng 。 1 5 shì jì qǐ , ruì diǎn rén jí lì kàng jù dān mài tūn bìng de qǐ tú 。 1 5 2 1 nián , ruì diǎn guó wáng gǔ sī tǎ fū yí shì ( G u s t a v E r i k s s o n V a s a ) zài cì jiàn lì wáng quán , ruì diǎn cóng lián méng zhōng dú lì 。
公 元 1 3 8 9 年 , 挪 威 、 丹 麥 、 瑞 典 三 國 共 戴 君 主 , 唯 各 國 仍 維 持 國 家 的 身 分,史 稱 卡 爾 馬 (Kalmar)聯 盟。15 世 紀 起 , 瑞 典 人 極 力 抗 拒 丹 麥 吞 併 的 企 圖 。 1 5 2 1 年 , 瑞 典 國 王 古 斯 塔 夫 一 世(Gustav Eriksson Vasa) 再 次 建 立 王 權 , 瑞 典 從 聯 盟 中 獨 立。

1 7 shì jì shí ruì diǎn zài sān shí nián zhàn zhēng ( 1 6 1 8 - 1 6 4 8 ) zhōng yuè shēng chéng wéi ōu zhōu qiáng guó 。 1 8 shì jì dà běi fāng zhàn zhēng ( 1 7 0 0 nián - 1 7 2 1 nián ) hòu é guó qǔ dài ruì diǎn zài ōu zhōu de dì wèi , 1 8 0 9 nián fēn lán gèng cóng ruì diǎn fēn liè chū lái chéng wéi é guó de dà gōng guó 。
17 世 紀 時 瑞 典 在 三 十 年 戰 爭 ( 1 6 1 8 - 1 6 4 8 ) 中 躍 升 成 為 歐 洲 強 國 。 1 8 世 紀 大 北 方 戰 爭 ( 1 7 0 0 年 - 1 7 2 1 年 ) 後 俄 國 取 代 瑞 典 在 歐 洲 的 地 位 , 1 8 0 9 年 芬 蘭 更 從 瑞 典 分 裂 出 來 成 為 俄 國 的 大 公 國 。

1 9 0 1 nián , dì yī jiè nuò bèi ěr jiǎng bān jiǎng lǐ zài ruì diǎn sī dé gē ěr mó huáng jiā yīn yuè xué yuàn jǔ xíng 。 1 9 0 2 nián kāi shǐ nuò bèi ěr jiǎng yóu ruì diǎn guó wáng bān shòu 。
1901 年,第 一 屆 諾 貝 爾 獎 頒 獎 禮 在 瑞 典 斯 德 哥 爾 摩 皇 家 音 樂 學 院 舉 行 。 1 9 0 2 年 開 始 諾 貝 爾 獎 由 瑞 典 國 王 頒 授 。

r u ì diǎn zài dì yī cì shì jiè dà zhàn hé dì èr cì shì jiè dà zhàn dōu wéi chí zhōng lì 。 kě shì , 1 9 9 5 nián fàng qì zhōng lì zhǔ yì , jiā rù ōu méng 。
瑞 典 在 第 一 次 世 界 大 戰 和 第 二 次 世 界 大 戰 都 維 持 中 立 。 可 是 , 1 9 9 5 年 放 棄 中 立 主 義 , 加 入 歐 盟 。

ruì diǎn 1 9 9 7 nián hé 1 9 9 8 nián jìn xíng le 2 xiàng shěng fèn hé bìng , mù qián huà fēn wèi 2 1 gè shěng ( l ä n ) hé 2 8 9 gè shì ( k o m m u n ) 。 yǒu 2 1 gè xíng zhèng qū yù 。 dì fang xíng zhèng jú yóu zhèng fǔ rèn mìng 。 xíng zhèng qū yǒu qū yì huì , yì yuán wèi shì dài biǎo 。 xíng zhèng qū yóu shì zǔ chéng , 2 0 0 2 nián quán guó gòng yǒu shì 2 8 9 gè 。
瑞 典 1 9 9 7 年 和 1 9 9 8 年 進 行 了 2 項 省 份 合 併 , 目 前 劃 分 為 2 1 個 省 ( l ä n ) 和 2 8 9 個 市 ( k o m m u n ) 。 有 2 1 個 行 政 區 域 。 地 方 行 政 局 由 政 府 任 命 。 行 政 區 有 區 議 會 , 議 員 為 市 代 表 。 行 政 區 由 市 組 成,2002 年 全 國 共 有 市 2 8 9個。

jīng jì
經濟

2 0 shì jì , ruì diǎn zài guó jì zhōng bǎo chí zhōng lì , běn tǔ xiāng duì hé píng 穏 dìng , ruì diǎn shí xíng de zī běn zhǔ yì zhì dù bù tóng yú měi guó , yǒu wán shàn de fú lì bǎo zhàng zhì dù , jù yǒu 「 gāo gōng zī 、 gāo shuì shōu 、 gāo fú lì 」 de tè diǎn 。
20 世 紀 , 瑞 典 在 國 際 中 保 持 中 立 , 本 土 相 對 和 平 穏 定 , 瑞 典 實 行 的 資 本 主 義 制 度 不 同 於 美 國 , 有 完 善 的 福 利 保 障 制 度 , 具 有 「 高 工 資 、 高 稅 收 、 高 福 利 」 的 特 點 。

r u ì d i ǎ n zhǔ yào tiān rán zī yuán yǒu sēn lín 、 shuǐ lì fā diàn 、 tiě kuàng děng 。
瑞 典 主 要 天 然 資 源 有 森 林 、 水 力 發 電、鐵 礦 等 。

tōng xìn 、 jī xiè zhì zào 、 jiàn zhù gōng chéng jí yùn shū yè shì ruì diǎn zhòng yào de jī chǔ chǎn yè 。
通 信、機 械 製 造 、建 築 工 程 及 運 輸 業 是 瑞 典 重 要 的 基 礎 產 業 。

r u ì d i ǎ n yǒu hěn duō guó jì zhī míng de pǐn pái , wò ěr wò qì chē 、 sī kān ní yà shāng yòng chē 、 sà bó qì chē jí wǔ qì 、 ài lì xìn 、 yī lái kè sī diàn qì 、 A B B 、 lì lè wú jūn bāo zhuāng 、 hā sū xiāng jī 、 yí jiā jiā jù hé H & M fú zhuāng děng děng 。 àn rén kǒu bǐ lì jì suàn , ruì diǎn shì shì jiè shàng yōng yǒu kuà guó gōng sī zuì duō de guó jiā 。
瑞 典 有 很 多 國 際 知 名 的 品 牌 , 沃 爾 沃 汽 車 、 斯 堪 尼 亞 商 用 車 、 薩 博 汽 車 及 武 器 、 愛 立 信 、 伊 萊 克 斯 電 器 、 A B B 、 利 樂 無 菌 包 裝 、 哈 蘇 相 機 、 宜 家 傢 具 和 H & M 服 裝 等 等 。 按 人 口 比 例 計 算,瑞 典 是 世 界 上 擁 有 跨 國 公 司 最 多 的 國 家 。

r é n k ǒ u
人 口

ruì diǎn de rén jūn shòu mìng gāo , chū shēng lǜ dī 。 yí mín duō shù lái zì fēn lán 、 qián nán sī lā fū 、 yī lǎng 、 nuó wēi 、 dān mài 、 bō lán , fǎn yìng le běi ōu rén kǒu liú dòng xìng gāo 。
瑞 典 的 人 均 壽 命 高 , 出 生 率 低 。 移 民 多 數 來 自 芬 蘭 、 前 南 斯 拉 夫 、 伊 朗 、 挪 威 、 丹 麥 、 波 蘭 , 反 映 了 北 歐 人 口 流 動 性 高 。

r u ì diǎn yǔ shǔ rì ěr màn yǔ xì , yǔ dān mài yǔ jí nuó wēi yǔ yǒu guān xi , dàn fā yīn yǔ xiě fǎ jūn xiāng yì 。 yīng yǔ shì zuì pǔ biàn de dì èr yǔ yán , yóu qí shì 5 0 suì yǐ xià de rén 。 ruì diǎn yǔ wú yí shì zuì pǔ biàn de yǔ yán 。
瑞 典 語 屬 日 耳 曼 語 系 , 與 丹 麥 語 及 挪 威 語 有 關 係 , 但 發 音 與 寫 法 均 相 異 。 英 語 是 最 普 遍 的 第 二 語 言 ,尤 其 是 5 0 歲 以 下 的 人。瑞 典 語 無 疑 是 最 普 遍 的 語 言。

SWEDEN CULTURE

Swedes really loving hug. This stranger in my eyes, the Swedes huge gathering of friends, basically meet the first half was used for ritual embrace, while the second half is used goodbye hug. "Polite about it, is the most important social Swedes in social expression, and it is hard to find anger, quarrels and anxiety. Surprisingly, I always feel something inside many Swedes with China people like, in fact, it should be said Swedish culture with traditional Chinese culture is like, not like now the rapid development of China.

瑞典人真的很热爱拥抱。在我这个异乡人眼中,瑞典人的庞大朋友聚会,基本上上半场是用来进行见面拥抱仪式的,而下半场就是用来再见拥抱。 ”礼貌这件事,在瑞典人的社交中是最重要的,在社会表情中,你很难寻找到发怒、争吵和焦躁。令人惊讶的是,我总觉得瑞典人许多内在的东西跟中国人很像,其实应该说瑞典文化跟中国传统的文化很像,并不像现在这个飞速发展的中国。

SWEDEN ARCHITECTURE

Design HSB center of rotation from white marble sculpture of a piece called "twisted trunk" (Twisting torso), and the sculpture in 1999 by Spanish designer Santiago Calatrava imitate Carlot distorted humanoid production. Architectural model of the building by the European housing exhibition Bo01 organizers invited a temporary pavilion of the exhibition designer in 2001 when exhibited in Malmo, Sweden.

HSB rotation center on February 14, 2001 to commence the construction period of four years and a half. March 2002 and August, respectively, to complete the building foundations and concrete pouring works. August 27, 2005, the center was officially opened. Users in the same year on November 1.

  The whole building high 190 meters (623 feet), totaling 54 layers. Building the core of HSB is a center of rotation is 10.6 meters (35 feet) in diameter huge concrete pipe; while the thickness of external walls of buildings HSB center of rotation by 2.5 meters (8 feet) the top floor of the building gradually received 40 cm.

HSB rotation center layer is divided into nine zones, each zone has five layers. Direction of each area are related to the different layers below the district level, while the 2800 plate glass curtain wall facades and 2250 are 1.6 degree "spin"; among the highest and the lowest layer of the zone at right angles, it looks as if the whole building twist a towel around, hence called "twisted towel building," said.

First, a ten floor area of two layers used for commercial office use, each covering 400 square meters, all with a total area of 4,200 square meters; five floors were used as the first zone layer construction company HSB Malmö headquarters. The remaining floor area layers are used for residential purposes, there are three to five units each, totaling 147 units, with a total area of ​​13,500 square meters; while 43 belong to the household floor room floor is the floor, this layer has a gym and a sauna equipment; addition, 43 F and 49 F, the same as the sightseeing floor; while the highest layer of the first 53, 54 is used as a meeting room and lecture halls. Buildings respectively, with 2 and 3 lifts leading to the commercial office and residential floors, and residential elevators just 38 seconds to get to the highest level.

March 2005, HSB rotation center in addition to winning the "Best Residential Award" in Cannes, France awards ceremony in the world real estate market, but also was the largest skyscraper website ── AMP Wales (Emporis) awarded the "Best New Ferris Building (The best new skyscrape) "honor. The following year, the building and won the International Concrete Federation (fib) is located in Lausanne, Switzerland, awarded "2006 Outstanding International Federation of Concrete Structure Award (fib Award for Outstanding Structures 2006)".

HSB旋转中心的设计源于一个名为“扭躯干”(Twisting torso)的白色大理石片雕塑,该雕塑1999年由西班牙设计师圣地牙哥·卡洛特拉瓦模仿扭曲的人形制作。大厦的建筑模型是由欧洲住房展览会的主办单位Bo01邀请该设计师在2001年于瑞典马尔默举办展览时的一个临时展馆内展出。

HSB旋转中心于2001年2月14日动工,施工为期四年半。2002年3月和8月,该大楼分别完成地基及混凝土浇注工程。2005年8月27日,中心正式开幕。用户于同年11月1日起使用。

整幢大厦高190米(623英尺),合共54层。HSB旋转中心的大厦核心是一个为直径10.6米(35英尺)的巨大的混凝土管;而HSB旋转中心的大厦外墙厚度由地面的2.5米(8英尺)逐渐收到大厦顶层的40厘米。

HSB旋转中心共分九个区层,每个区层有五层。每个区层的方向都跟下面的区层不同,而2800板外墙及2250块玻璃幕墙均以1.6度“旋转”;当中最高及最底的区层成直角,看起来整座大厦犹如扭了毛巾一圈,因而有“扭毛巾大楼”之称。

第一、二个区层的一至十楼用作商用办公室用途,每层占地400平方米,全部总占地4,200平方米;当中第一区层的5个楼层用作HSB建筑公司在马尔默的总部。其余区层的楼层均用作住宅用途,每层有三至五个单位,合共147个单位,总占地为13,500平方米;而属于住户楼层的43楼是为客房楼层,这层设有健身房和桑拿设备;除此之外,43楼及49楼同为观光楼层;而最高的第53、54层是用作会议室及演讲厅。建筑物分别设有2部及3部升降机通往商用办公室及住宅的楼层,而住宅升降机只需38秒就可到达最高的一层。

2005年3月,HSB旋转中心除了于法国戛纳的世界房地产市场颁奖典礼夺得“最佳住宅类大奖”外,也获最大的摩天大厦网站──安普尔斯(Emporis)授予“最佳新摩天大厦(The best new skyscrape)”荣誉。翌年,该建筑又获位于瑞士洛桑的国际混凝土联合会(fib)颁发“国际混凝土联合会2006年杰出结构奖(fib Award for Outstanding Structures 2006)”。

 


SWEDEN ARTS & CRAVE

In the eighteenth century, the king of Sweden, King Gustav III Dev founded the Academy of Music, Stockholm Opera and Royal Ballet.

Swedish church built between the twelfth century to the fourteenth century, so that the local carving art flourish.
Sweden, with its natural resources, technology and quality consciousness, based on the development of modern industrial culture. Swedes because the country each separated by traditional folk tend to retain the province. Swedish society and life due to the geographical and economic reasons, leading to the traditionally simple and even has almost harsh features. Swedish businessman returning into the Swedish culture always bring back some ideas and products.

The impact of the eighteenth century by the French, Swedish culture of change is particularly important. Since the nineteenth century, the Swedish international art, design, literature, music and film has made a significant contribution. The new Swedish ceramics, furniture, glass, silver, textiles, etc., with its beautiful, austere appearance and function design for internationally recognized.

Sweden's greatest musical contribution to the field is a song, sing a photo show. (Photo: Richard Ryan)
Since the Middle Ages, the Swedish art often deeply affected European development. Prominent artists of the eighteenth century Swedish painter Biro (Carl Gustav Pilo), Rosa even (Alexander Roslin); sculptor Shuji Er (Johan Tobias von Sergel). Important artists of the nineteenth century, as well as Hill (Carl Fredreik Hill), Joseph Robinson (Ernest Josephson). Internationally renowned artists of the twentieth century have Lianyade. Sang (Anders Leonhard Zorn), sculptor US Aires (Carl Milles).

In the film industry, the Swedish director Pat won international recognition. There Bergman outstanding director (Ingmar Bergman), Su grams of Duer Fu (Arne Edvard Sucksdorff) and Matt Robinson (Arne Mattsson).

As for the music, Switzerland's greatest contribution is the song in the field of music. There are the famous Swiss singer Linda (Jenny Lind), Nier Xin (Christina Nilsson), Barr Ling (Juss Bjorling) and so on. Swiss folk music reflects the nature and the vicissitudes of old country house. Swedish composer gained international honors symphony composer Bill Gould (Franz Berwald), modern music composers Alberto Van (Hugo Alfven), its folk music from Sweden.

 

在十八世纪,瑞典王古斯德夫三世国王创办了音乐学院、斯德哥尔摩歌剧院和皇家芭蕾舞团。
瑞典在十二世纪至十四世纪间建造教堂,使当地的雕刻艺术蓬勃发展。
瑞典以其自然资源、技术力量及质量意识为基础,发展了工业现代化的文化。瑞典人因全国地区各自分隔,倾向于保留省借传统民俗。瑞典社会和生活由于地理及经济原因,导至传统上具有简朴甚至近乎苛刻的特征。返国的瑞典商人总是带回一些融入瑞典文化的创意及产品。

十八世纪受法国的影响,对改变瑞典的文化尤为重要。自十九世纪以来,瑞典为国际艺术、设计、文学、音乐及电影作出了重大的贡献。新的瑞典陶瓷、家具、玻璃、银器、纺织等,以其美观、简朴的外形及功能设计,为国际所认同。

瑞典最伟大的音乐贡献,就是歌曲领域,图为一场歌唱表演。 (Photo: Richard Ryan)
自中世纪以来,瑞典艺术经常受到欧洲发展的深刻影响。十八世纪瑞典突出的艺术家有画家比罗(Carl Gustav Pilo) 、罗沙连(Alexander Roslin) ;雕刻家舒吉尔(Johan Tobias von Sergel)。十九世纪重要的艺术家还有希尔(Carl Fredreik Hill) 、约瑟夫臣(Ernest Josephson)。二十世纪蜚声国际的艺术家有李安雅德.桑(Anders Leonhard Zorn)、雕刻家美利斯(Carl Milles)。

在电影领域,瑞典导演巳赢得国际认同。杰出的导演有柏格曼(Ingmar Bergman),素克期杜尔夫(Arne Edvard Sucksdorff)及马特臣(Arne Mattsson)。

至于音乐,瑞士最伟大的音乐贡献就是歌曲领域。瑞士著名的歌唱家有莲达(Jenny Lind)、尼尔辛(Christina Nilsson)、巴尔灵(Juss Bjorling)等。瑞士民间音乐反映了自然界及家国久远的沧桑。获得国际荣誉的瑞典作曲家是交响乐作曲家比尔华尔德(Franz Berwald),现代音乐作曲家有阿尔凡(Hugo Alfven),其音乐源自瑞典民谣。

SWEDEN FOOD

wedish coastal geography, bred salmon, salmon, sea bass, bamboo one thousand fish, bass, sharks and other fish. Due to the cold weather in Sweden, the growth rate of the fish slow, so long as the fish is delicious. Swedish nationals strong environmental awareness, which is in the eating habits also reflected. Swedes prefer to eat raw and cold foods, meat and steak is medium rare.

Swedes more accustomed to eating European dishes, light taste, usually adding less spices, try to keep the original flavor, do not like to eat too much greasy food. Swedes eat food with ham, beef, mutton, chicken, fish, game, eggs and fruit, vegetables, cream cakes, etc., and requires its tender and burnt. In Sweden, many shops selling dishes, side dishes animate have cooked, canned fish animate even cooked two. But thanks to a number of fish species come, however, the type of vegetables and fruits are few, but the price is high because of cold weather in Sweden, is not suitable for plant growth.

Swedes to Western-based, bread and potatoes is their staple food, which particularly like black bread. Most people are sandwiched breakfast bread jam and butter, coffee, tea; lunch bread, meat, vegetables, potatoes and salad, etc.; 'dinner and breakfast foods is similar, just add a soup. Swedes also like to eat Chinese food, such as a variety of cold dishes, peanuts, ham, grilled cabbage, braised fish, crispy duck, hot and sour cucumber, mustard pork soup dumplings, steamed dumplings, rolls, pastries, etc., on the ham in Guangdong dish particularly interested. Swedes partial light taste of fresh and tender, fragrant dishes very much like Coke. Eat lean meat tenderizer and fresh vegetables, like to drink soup.

Swedish meatballs can be said to be the most representative of Swedish cuisine. Swedish meatballs favorite eating with boiled potatoes, gravy and jam; also sometimes with fresh salted cucumber. In Ikea cafeteria around the world, most of them are Swedish meatballs.

Swedes love to drink coffee, bread can eat, can not drink coffee. Elsewhere, some people are drinking coffee could not sleep, could not sleep the Swedes do not drink coffee. They always drink coffee all day, three times early in the evening, while drinking coffee, eating snacks, essential. Half an hour to eat a meal an hour is common. Per capita consumption of coffee behind Sweden, Finland, ranking second in the world.

瑞典沿海的地理环境,孕育出鲑鱼、鲑鲈鱼、竹千鱼、鲈鱼、鳖鱼等鱼类。由于瑞典气候寒冷,鱼的生长速度较慢,所以长成的鱼类更是鲜美。瑞典国民的环保意识很强,这一点在饮食习惯上也有所体现。瑞典人比较喜欢吃生的和冷的食品,肉片和鱼块都是半熟的。

瑞典人比较习惯吃欧式菜,口味清淡,通常加入较少的调料,尽量保持原有风味,不喜欢吃太油腻的食品。瑞典人常吃的食品有火腿、牛羊肉、鸡、鱼、野味、蛋类及水果、蔬菜、奶油糕点等,并要求其嫩滑、焦香。在瑞典,卖小菜的店很多,小菜有生有熟,连鱼罐头也有生熟两种。鱼的种类多得数不过来,但是,蔬菜和水果的种类却很少,而且价格很高,原因是瑞典气候寒冷,不适于植物生长。

瑞典人以西餐为主,面包和马铃薯是他们的主食,其中特别喜欢黑面包。一般人的早餐是夹果酱和奶油的面包、咖啡、红茶;午餐有面包、肉、蔬菜、马铃薯和色拉等;'晚餐与早餐的食物相仿,只加一份汤。瑞典人也喜欢吃中餐,如各种凉菜、花生仁、火腿扒白菜、红烧鱼、香酥鸭、酸辣海参、肉丝榨菜汤、烧卖、蒸饺、花卷、酥饼等,对火腿的广东菜尤其感兴趣。瑞典人的的口味偏清淡,对清鲜、嫩滑、焦香的菜肴非常喜欢。爱吃瘦嫩肉和新鲜蔬菜,喜欢喝浓汤。

瑞典肉丸可以说是最具代表性的瑞典菜。瑞典人食用肉丸时最喜欢搭配煮土豆,肉汤和果酱;也有时候会搭配新鲜的盐渍黄瓜。在世界各地的宜家家居自助餐厅里,绝大多数都提供瑞典肉丸。

瑞典人酷爱喝咖啡,面包可以不吃,咖啡不可以不喝。在别的地方,有的人是喝了咖啡睡不着觉,瑞典人是不喝咖啡睡不着觉。他们一天到晚总在喝咖啡,早中晚三次,边喝咖啡,边吃点心,必不可少。每餐吃上半个钟头到一个钟头是常有的事。瑞典人均咖啡消费量仅次于芬兰,居世界第二位。

SWEDEN HOLIDAY

 


January 1 New Year's Day (nyårsdagen)
New Year's Day, also known as the "new years" refers to the current calendar of January 1. But before 1911, "New Year" that is today's "Spring Festival", which is the lunar New Year. New Year's Day is a holiday in many countries of the world or regions, such as China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Japan, Korea and so on. Among them China, Singapore and vacation day as a statutory holiday in Japan on vacation for six days, from years ago, on December 29 until the first of which China, Singapore and the day as a statutory holiday leave, leave Japan for six days, from years ago, December 29 day until the second year on January 3. Custom, the "New Year" major blessing to each other in various ways, greeting cards is one of the main forms.

January 6 Epiphany (trettondedag jul)
Epiphany (Greek: επιφάνεια, English: Italian display of the Epiphany, there appear or; Orthodox festival known as baptism) is an important festival of Catholic and Christian, to commemorate and celebrate the birth of Jesus after man first revealed to the Gentiles (referring to the three kings of Orient); Epiphany is January 6 each year, but different religions have different feast day celebration. Epiphany meaning in the Christian point of view mainly include the birth of Jesus Christ man, Dr. Orient (Caspar, Melchior and Balthasar) to Bethlehem to worship El Nino (Jesus), as well as being his pro cousin Saint John the Baptist Jesus childhood All events are being received in 30 AD Baptism in the Jordan River before happened (ie, the truth of the kingdom of Jesus publicity three years before the time). This ancient form of Epiphany festival is Hanukkah Jews, was already set at the January 6 a.

April 6 Jesus Good Friday (långfredagen)
Christ on Good Friday, also known as: Good Friday, Christians commemorate Jesus Christ is crucified crucifixion day was a Friday before Easter. According to the Bible, Jesus in AD 33 Nisan in the Jewish calendar around at 9:00 on the 14th was crucified, died at about three p.m.. Jesus told his disciples alone to commemorate his death.

April 9 Easter Monday (annandag påsk)
Easter (the resurrection day) is an important festival west, the full moon after the vernal equinox each year on the first Sunday. Christians believe that Easter symbolizes rebirth and hope, to commemorate the crucifixion of Jesus Christ on the third day after the Day of Resurrection cross between AD 30-33 years. If the region has the Easter holidays, it is usually with the Good Friday holiday. Today, many folk customs associated with Easter such as Easter Bunny and Easter eggs are not the origin of Christianity. Jesus commanded his disciples to remember his death (Luke 22: 19, 20).

May 1 International Labor Day (första maj)
International Labor Day, also known as "May Day", "International Day demonstrations," is Labor Day in most countries of the world.

May 20 Ascension Day (Kristi himmelsfärdsdag)
Ascension Day commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ ascended to heaven forty future issue. This will be confirmed in the Apostles' Creed and Creed. Due to Easter Sunday, so the festival on Thursday to celebrate.

May 27 Pentecost (pingstdagen)
Pentecost or harvest festival is one of the three feast of the Jews, and later became the Christian Pentecost day (or Pentecost). Jewish feast according to the Jewish calendar period, to commemorate the fiftieth day after the Israelites out of Egypt, God awarded to Moses on Mount Sinai, "Ten Commandments" of the day; Pentecost Christian date is scheduled in the first 50 days after Easter Jesus Assumption 10 days after the holiday.

June 6 National Day (Sveriges nationaldag)

December 25 Christmas Day (juldagen)
Christmas in Taiwan, also known as Christmas, is a traditional festival of the church calendar, it is a celebration day Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus. On Christmas Day, most of the Catholic church will be on Christmas Eve on December 24, that is December 25 Midnight Mass held in the morning, and some Christian churches will hold caroling, and then in December 25 to celebrate Christmas ; while the other major branch of Christianity - Orthodox Christmas celebrations in the annual January 7. According to Catholic Gospels, Jesus is the Bethlehem of the Virgin Mary by the Holy Spirit pregnant after giving birth, Mary and her husband Joseph was on his way to Rome census registration. Jesus was born in a Jewish believer seems to be the Messiah prophesied in the plan to come to realize, because Bethlehem is David first family home. Christmas is also the Western world as well as many other areas of public holidays, for example: in Asia, Hong Kong, Macau, Malaysia and Singapore. However, the exact date of Jesus' birth is disputed.

Dec. 26 (annandag jul)

1月1日 元旦 (nyårsdagen)
  元旦,也被称为“新历年”,是指现行公历的1月1日。但在1911年之前,“元旦”即是今天的“春节”,也就是夏历新年。元旦是世界上很多国家或地区的法定假日,如中国大陆、台湾、香港、澳门、新加坡、日本、韩国等。其中中国、新加坡均作为法定假日休假一天,日本休假六天,从年前的12月29日一直到第其中中国、新加坡均作为法定假日休假一天,日本休假六天,从年前的12月29日一直到第二年的1月3日。习俗方面,“元旦”主要以各种方式互相祝福,贺年卡是其中主要形式。
   
1月6日 主显节 (trettondedag jul)
  主显节(希腊文:επιφάνεια,英文:Epiphany,有出现或显示之意;东正教俗称为洗礼节)是一个天主教及基督教的重要节庆日,以纪念及庆祝耶稣在降生为人后首次显露给外邦人(指东方三贤士);主显节是为每年的1月6日,但因不同的宗教而有不同的庆日庆祝。主显节在基督教角度上的含义主要包括了耶稣基督降生为人、东方博士(Caspar、Melchior和 Balthasar)到伯利恒朝拜圣婴(耶稣),以及耶稣童年时在被他的亲表哥圣若翰洗者在公元30年于约旦河被领受圣洗前所发生过的所有事件(即耶稣宣传天国的道理的三年间之前的时候)。主显节这个节庆的古老形式是犹太人的光明节,当时就已经定在了1月6日了。
   
4月6日 基督受难日 (långfredagen)
  基督受难日,又称为:耶稣受难节,是基督教信徒纪念耶稣基督被钉在十字架上受难的日子,是复活节前一个星期五。据圣经记载,耶稣于公元33年犹太历尼散月十四日上午九时左右被钉在十字架上,于下午三时左右死去。耶稣唯独吩咐门徒要纪念他的死亡。
   
4月9日 复活节星期一 (annandag påsk)
  复活节(主复活日)是一个西方的重要节日,在每年春分月圆之后第一个星期日。基督徒认为,复活节象征着重生与希望,为纪念耶稣基督于公元30到33年之间被钉死在十字架之后第三天复活的日子。如该地区有复活节假期的话,通常与耶稣受难日一起放假。今天,许多与复活节相关的民间风俗例如复活节兔和复活节彩蛋都不是起源于基督教的。耶稣只吩咐门徒要记念自己的死亡(路加福音22:19,20)。
   
5月1日 国际劳动节 (första maj)
  国际劳动节又称“五一国际劳动节”、“国际示威游行日”,是世界上大多数国家的劳动节。
   
5月20日 基督升天日 (Kristi himmelsfärdsdag)
  基督升天日是纪念耶稣基督在复活四十日后升天一事。这在使徒信经和尼吉亚信经都得以确认。由于复活节在星期日,故本节在星期四庆祝。
   
5月27日 五旬节 (pingstdagen)
  五旬节或收割节,是犹太人的三大节期之一,及后成为基督教的圣灵降临日(或圣神降临节)。犹太教按犹太历守节期,纪念以色列人出埃及后第五十天,上帝在西奈山颁给摩西《十诫》的日子;基督教的圣灵降临节的日期则定在复活节后第50天和耶稣升天节后10天。
   
6月6日 国庆日 (Sveriges nationaldag)
   
12月25日 圣诞节 (juldagen)
  圣诞节,在台湾也称作圣诞节,是教会年历的一个传统节日,它是基督徒庆祝耶稣基督诞生的庆祝日。在圣诞节,大部分的天主教教堂都会先在12月24日的平安夜,亦即12月25日凌晨举行子夜弥撒,而一些基督教会则会举行报佳音,然后在12月25日庆祝圣诞节;而基督教的另一大分支——东正教的圣诞节庆祝则在每年的1月7日。根据天主教的福音书,耶稣是伯利恒的圣母玛利亚受圣灵感孕后生下的,玛利亚和丈夫约瑟当时正在去罗马人口普查注册的路上。耶稣的出生在信徒看来是犹太教预言中的默西亚将要到来计划的实现,因为伯利恒是约瑟祖先戴维一族的家。圣诞节也是西方世界以及其它很多地区的公共假日,例如:在亚洲的香港、澳门、马来西亚和新加坡。但耶稣确切的出生日期是存在争议的。
   
12月26日 (annandag jul)