羅 馬 尼 亞 (ROMANIA)

miàn jī : 2 3 7 , 5 0 0 píng fāng gōng lǐ
面 積: 237,500 平 方 公 里

rén kǒu : 2 , 3 4 0 wàn
人 口: 2,340 萬

shǒu dū : bù jiā lè sī tè ( B U C A R E S T )
首 都: 布 加 勒 斯 特 (BUCAREST)

guó qìng rì : 1 2 yuè 1 rì
國 慶 日: 12月1日

guān fāng yǔ yán : luó mǎ ní yà yǔ
官 方 語 言: 羅 馬 尼 亞 語

zhǔ yào lǚ yóu chéng shì hé jǐng diǎn
主 要 旅 遊 城 市 和 景 點

bù jiā lè sī tè ( B u c a r e s t ) zài luó mǎ ní yà yǔ zhōng yīn wèi “ bù kù ěr shén dì ” , yì wèi “ huān lè zhī chéng ” , zhè li yě yóu zuì chū de yí gè xiǎo cūn zhuāng yǎn biàn chéng wèi ōu zhōu dōng nán bù zuì dà de chéng shì zhī yī 。
布 加 勒 斯 特 (Bucarest) 在 羅 馬 尼 亞 語 中 音 爲 “ 布 庫 爾 什 蒂 ” , 意 爲 “ 歡 樂 之 城 ” , 這 裡 也 由 最 初 的 一 個 小 村 庄 演 變 成 爲 歐 洲 東 南 部 最 大 的 城 市 之 一。

bù jiā lè sī tè zài ōu zhōu hái xiǎng yǒu “ lǜ sè zhī chéng ” de měi yù , zhěng zuò chéng shì yǎn yìng zài bái yáng 、 chuí liǔ 、 pú tí shù zhī zhōng , dào chù lǜ cǎo rú yīn , huā tuán jǐn cù 。 wèi yú shì zhèng fǔ duì miàn de qí shén mǐ qiū gōng yuán , shǐ jiàn yú 1 8 4 5 nián , shì bù jiā lè sī tè zī lì zuì lǎo de gōng yuán 。 wéi duō lì yà dà jiē shàng zuò luò zhe xǔ duō huà shí dài de huá lì jiàn zhù , rú jiàn yú 1 8 8 8 nián de luó mǎ ní yà yǎ diǎn xì yuàn 、 xìn dài yín háng zhī gōng 、 chuàng jiàn yú 1 8 6 4 nián de bù jiā lè sī tè dà xué 、 jiàn yú 1 8 9 5 nián de sī fǎ yuàn yǐ jí 1 9 1 0 nián de shì zhèng fǔ 、 hái yǒu 1 9 0 7 nián jiàn lì de yuán yì huì dà shà 、 jiàn yú 1 7 、 1 8 shì jì de liǎng zuò dà jiào táng děng zhòng duō xīn gǔ diǎn zhǔ yì de huá měi jiàn zhù , fēng fù ér yòu yǎ zhì de shēng huó qíng qù 。
布 加 勒 斯 特 在 歐 洲 還 享 有 “ 綠 色 之 城 ” 的 美 譽 , 整 座 城 市 掩 映 在 白 楊 、 垂 柳 、 菩 提 樹 之 中 , 到 處 綠 草 如 茵 , 花 團 錦 簇 。 位 於 市 政 府 對 面 的 其 什 米 丘 公 園 , 始 建 於 1 8 4 5 年 , 是 布 加 勒 斯 特 資 歷 最 老 的 公 園 。 維 多 利 亞 大 街 上 坐 落 著 許 多 劃 時 代 的 華 麗 建 築 , 如 建 於 1 8 8 8 年 的 羅 馬 尼 亞 雅 典 戲 院 、 信 貸 銀 行 之 宮 、 創 建 於 1 8 6 4 年 的 布 加 勒 斯 特 大 學 、 建 於 1 8 9 5 年 的 司 法 院 以 及 1 9 1 0 年 的 市 政 府 、 還 有 1 9 0 7 年 建 立 的 原 議 會 大 廈 、 建 於 1 7 、 1 8 世 紀 的 兩 座 大 教 堂 等 眾 多 新 古 典 主 義 的 華 美 建 築 , 豐 富 而 又 雅 致 的 生 活 情 趣 。

xī jí shén wǎ lā ( S i g h i s o a r a ) : quán ōu zhōu yǒu sān dà gǔ chéng bǎo , qí zhōng zhī yí jiù wèi yú xī jí shén wǎ lā , cóng 1 3 shì jì yǐ lái , tā méi yǒu shòu dào rèn hé sǔn huài bèi wán zhěng de bǎo liú le xià lái 。
西 吉 什 瓦 拉 ( S i g h i s o a r a ) : 全 歐 洲 有 三 大 古 城 堡 , 其 中 之 一 就 位 於 西 吉 什 瓦 拉 , 從 1 3 世 紀 以 來 , 它 沒 有 受 到 任 何 損 壞 被 完 整 地 保 留 了 下 來 。

xī bǐ wū ( S i b i u ) shì luó mǎ ní yà jìng nèi zuì dà de gǔ chéng , chú le bèi lián hé guó jiào kē wén zǔ zhī rèn dìng wèi luó mǎ ní yà jìng nèi sān chù zuì zhòng yào de shì jiè wén huà yí chǎn zhī yí wài , gèng bèi ōu méng xuǎn dìng wèi 2 0 0 7 nián de “ ōu zhōu wén huà zhī dōu ” 。
錫 比 烏 ( S i b i u ) 是 羅 馬 尼 亞 境 內 最 大 的 古 城 , 除 了 被 聯 合 國 教 科 文 組 織 認 定 爲 羅 馬 尼 亞 境 內 三 處 最 重 要 的 世 界 文 化 遺 產 之 一 外 , 更 被 歐 盟 選 定 爲 2 0 0 7 年 的 “ 歐 洲 文 化 之 都 ”。

 

 

Rumania (ROMANIA)

Area: 237,500 square kilometers

Population: 23.4 million

Capital: Bucharest (BUCAREST)

National Day : December 1

Official Language: Rumania language

Major cities and tourist attraction

Bucharest (Bucarest) in Romanian tenor as " Bucur Pitesti " , meaning " City of Joy " , there is also a small village from the initial evolved into one of the largest cities in southeastern Europe .

Bucharest in Europe also enjoy the " green city " in the world , the city nestled in the poplar , willow , linden among around green grass and flowers. Located opposite the city hall of their什米丘park , founded in 1845 , is the most senior in Bucharest park . Located on Victoria Street with many ornate landmark buildings, such as built in 1888 in Athens Romanian theater , the Palace of credit with banks, was founded in 1864 in the University of Bucharest , built in 1895 of the Judicial Yuan and in 1910 the city government , as well as 1907 to build the original Capitol, built in the 17 , 18 -century cathedral and many two gorgeous neo-classical architecture , rich and elegant zest for life.
 
Xiji Timisoara (S ighisoara): There are three ancient castle in Europe , one of which is located in Xiji Timisoara , since the 13 century , it has not been damaged in any way be remain intact .

Sibiu (S ibiu) is Romania 's largest city, in addition to being a UNESCO recognized as one of the world 's most important cultural heritage in Romania three , but also by the EU selected as 2007 "European culture of all . "

World Heritage Sites in Romania - Danube Delta

Rushing up and down the Danube , the Black Sea imported form Europe 's largest and best preserved delta. Danube Delta countless lakes and swamps feeding the 300 species of birds and 45 kinds of the Danube and its tributaries in the unique fish.

Whether scientists believe the Danube Delta is only 7,000 years old. In the eyes of tourists , Delta is the forgotten corners of the gods , where everything - rivers, ocean , sand - radiate brown. However , the Danube entrained solids at a rate of 10 meters a year swallowing the ocean.
Delta is one of the world are still being formed , it exudes seaweed , wet soil , flying fish caviar and fresh wild smell.

The total area of ??the Delta has more than 5 , 500 square kilometers , the Danube River, 2,850 kilometers long , with an average flow rate of 6,500 cubic meters per second , mix the mud about two hundred million tons per year. As Europe 's largest river after the Volga River , its catchment area of ??over 80 square kilometers, it flows through the former Yugoslavia, Romania , Bulgaria and Ukraine , central and southeastern Europe , Austria, Germany and Hungary rivers converge them.


MAIN CITIES

Bucharest, Alba Iulia, Arad, Baia Mare, Brasov, Braila, Cluj-Napoca, Constanta, Craiova, Galati, Iasi, Orade, Satu Mare, Sibiu, Suceava, Timisoara, Targu Jiu, Targu Mures, Tulcea

布加勒斯特布, 加勒斯特, 阿爾巴·尤利亞·, 阿拉德, 巴亞馬雷, 布拉索夫, 布勒伊拉, 克盧日納波卡, 康斯坦察, 克拉約瓦, 加拉茨, 雅西, 奧拉迪亞, 薩圖馬雷, 錫比烏, 蘇恰瓦, 蒂米甚瓦拉, 特爾古日烏, 特爾古穆列什, 圖爾恰

ROMANIA CULTURE

Romania (Romania), the capital of Bucharest pleasant scenery, rich greenery and flowers, called the "Paris of Eastern Europe." Romanians cheerful, loves music, often in a variety of restaurants riffs, sometimes fun place to dance, surrounded by silence, hear someone talking. In addition to the summer time, almost every night concerts, opera, ballet performances, tickets are cheap. Carry out business activities in Romania, on various occasions are advised to wear conservative suits. Visit government agencies, about the absolute need to order in advance. According to local business practices, state agencies began to accept an appointment from 9:00. In addition, even if the agreed time to visit, and sometimes wait for more than one hour, so their time schedule to fully point. When talking business, not wait for the majority of competitors quote data in place, will not be negotiations. And once you start negotiating the purchase price suggested by the buyer, most below the market too much, the price low, after several negotiations, will it be possible to get the business. This way to do business, the business turnover tends to be quite time consuming.

Today, Romania can be regarded as one of Europe's most beautiful scenery of the country, not only in the United States and Romania's Blue Danube winds its magnificent Carpathian Mountains, the Black Sea and so brilliant, it is the United States to the details. Romania under the beautiful scenery, is the local rich cultural connotations. Because mixed history, many Romanian cultural enrichment cultures, including Roman culture blood. Romania in the European and world arts and culture covered the painting, music, gymnastics, clothing, movies, there is a significant and prominent dazzling effects and performance.

Legend

Romanians Cong immemorial, they begin to have a myriad of customs, legends and poetry, content on love, faith, kings, princesses and witches, and so on. Anthropologists, poets, writers and historians over the past century are trying to collect and preserve these precious materials.

羅馬尼亞(Romania),首都布加勒斯特景色宜人,綠意濃郁,鮮花盛開,人稱“東歐的巴黎”。羅馬尼亞人性格開朗,酷愛音樂,常在各種餐廳即興演奏,有時盡興就地跳起舞來,周圍鴉雀無聲,聽不到有人在說話。除了夏天的一段時間以外,幾乎每晚都舉行音樂會、歌劇、芭蕾舞表演,入場券很便宜。在羅馬尼亞開展商務活動,在各種場合均宜穿著保守式西裝。拜訪政府機關,絕對需要事先約訂。根據當地人的商業習慣,國營機構從9點開始接受約會。另外,即使約定了時間去拜訪,有時還會再等候一個小時以上,因此自己的時間排定要充分一點。談生意時,非等到競爭者的報價資料大部份到齊,絕不會進行洽談。而一旦開始談判,買方所提示的買價,大部低於市價太多,價格壓得很低,幾經交涉,才有可能做成生意。這種談生意的方式,生意成交往往相當費時。

如今的罗马尼亚可称得上是欧洲风光最为秀丽的国家之一,罗马尼亚的美不只在蜿蜒的蓝色多瑙河,其雄奇的喀尔巴阡山、绚丽的黑海等,更是美到了细节。罗马尼亚秀丽的景色之下,是当地深厚的文化内涵。由于历史上的混居,罗马尼亚文化浓缩了诸多文化,其中包括罗马的文化血脉。罗马尼亚在欧洲及世界艺术文化方面,举凡绘画、音乐、体操、服饰、电影,有显著且突出耀眼的影响与表现。

传说

罗马尼亚人丛太古时代,就开始有无数的风俗、传说和诗歌,内容关于爱、信念、国王、公主和巫婆等等。人类学家、诗人、作家和史学家们近百年来都在设法收集和保存这些珍贵的资料。

ROMANIA ARCHITECTURE

Romanian Parliament Palace, the full name of the Palace of the Grand National Assembly of Romania, formerly known as the People's Palace, the Republican Palace, is the world's largest commercial interior architecture, interior architecture, if coupled with the military, it ranked second, first, the United States Pentagon. Romanian Parliament today for the House and Senate, the Constitutional Court and the location of some of the important organs.

The first impression of the Parliament Palace is magnificent. The size of the building allegedly ranked second in the world government administrative building, after the United States Pentagon. But if dealt with artistry, the Pentagon may be far less than the Romanian Parliament Palace. 1980s, the Romanian national architects competing bid, hoping to become the chief architect of the Palace of Parliament, and ultimately, a 30-year-old young female designers stand out, her designs both magnificent atmosphere, yet at the same time details of beauty. Today, the majestic ornate Palace of Parliament in Romania has become one of the symbolic buildings. Architectural design and construction of the Palace of the Romanian Parliament completed by Romanians themselves, the use of building materials and furniture, mostly Romanian national production. White marble, the huge wooden doors, bright crystal chandeliers, brightly colored hand-woven carpets, constitutes a magnificent fine screen.

罗马尼亚议会宫,全称罗马尼亚大国民议会宫,原称人民宫,共和宫,是世界最大的民用室内建筑,如果加上军用的室内建筑,它排第二,第一是美国的五角大楼。今为罗马尼亚议会参,众两院,宪法法院和一些重要机关所在地。

议会宫的第一印象就是宏伟壮丽。这座建筑物的规模据称在全世界政府行政建筑中位列第二,仅次于美国的五角大楼。可是如果论及艺术性,五角大楼可远远比不上罗马尼亚议会宫。20世纪80年代,罗马尼亚全国的建筑师争相竞标,希望能成为议会宫的总设计师,最终,一位只有30多岁的年轻女设计师脱颖而出,她的设计既恢宏大气,同时又不失细节之美。如今,庄严华丽的议会宫已经成为罗马尼亚的象征性建筑之一。罗马尼亚议会宫的建筑设计和施工均由罗马尼亚人自行完成,所用建材和家具多为罗本国生产。白色大理石,巨大的木门,明丽的水晶吊灯,鲜艳的手织地毯,构成了一幅富丽堂皇的精美画面。

ROMANIA ARTS & CRUVE

Romania is Romania's largest art museum, art of the highest value, the most representative of the art museum, a total collection of over 110,000 works of art, most of the former king's art collection. 1950 set up. Republic Square in downtown Bucharest.

The main collection of 10 to 18-century European paintings of various crafts and 13 to 19 century woodcuts, prints and Romania Modern Art, the Oriental arts. Among them, the Romanian icon painting and crafts particularly famous. Museum set up 38 showrooms, over 2,000 exhibits on display. Total collections of European art gallery 2233 European paintings, including France, Germany, Italy, Austria, Spain, the Netherlands and other countries famous painters. In addition, the gallery also furnished a European sculpture, porcelain, crystal glass, clocks, furniture and other works of art.

Oriental art collection of paintings Ministry of China, Japan, Iran, Turkey and other countries, carpets, gold and silver, jade, porcelain and other works of art, including a total of more than 500 pieces of Chinese art, mainly Ming and Qing dynasties paintings, porcelain , jade, bronze, embroidery, cloisonne, ivory, mahogany furniture, the most valuable is a song representative of landscape painting.

罗马尼亚艺术博物馆为罗最大、艺术价值最高、最具代表性的艺术博物馆,共收藏11万多件艺术品,其中大部分为前国王的艺术收藏。1950年设立。在布加勒斯特市中心共和国广场。

主要收藏10~18世纪的各种工艺品和13~19世纪的欧洲绘画、木刻、印刷品以及罗马尼亚现代艺术、东方艺术等。其中,罗马尼亚的圣像画和工艺品特别著名。博物馆设38个陈列室,展出2000多件展品。欧洲艺术画廊共收藏2233幅欧洲绘画,其中有法、德、意、奥、西、荷等国著名画家的作品。此外,该画廊还陈设了欧洲各国的雕塑、瓷器、水晶玻璃、钟表、家具等艺术品。

东方艺术部收藏了中国、日本、伊朗、土耳其等国的绘画、地毯、金银器、玉器、瓷器等艺术品,其中中国艺术品共500多件,主要是明、清两代的绘画、瓷器、玉器、青铜器、刺绣、景泰蓝、牙雕、红木家具等,最有价值的为一幅宋代表的山水画。

ROMANIA FOOD

Romanians to pasta-eating, and eating rice. They love to add a small amount of salt, vinegar, vegetable oil when cooking, simmer about 1 hour, eating the rice on the plate, topped with a few slices of tomato. Department potato is one of their staple food, goulash is the protagonist of their food on the table. Their breakfast and dinner are generally relatively simple, lunch is the day of the dinner, require good quality more than quantity. Romanians taste heavy, like coke fragrant, full-bodied. Its cooking method of cooking in the form of both France, Russia, Turkey and other countries. Romanians most exquisite affordable, like to eat yogurt, sauerkraut, beef, sheep, pork and chicken, duck.

罗马尼亚人以面食为主食,兼吃米饭。他们煮饭时爱加少量的盐、醋、植物油,用文火煮1小时左右,吃饭时将米饭放在盘子里,上面放上几片番茄。马铃署也是他们的主食之一,土豆烧牛肉是他们餐桌上的主角。他们的早餐和晚餐一般比较简单,午餐是一天中的正餐,要求质好量多。罗马尼亚人口味比较重,喜焦香、浓郁。其烹饪方法兼有法国、俄国、土耳其等国的烹调形式。罗马尼亚人最讲究实惠,喜欢吃酸牛奶、酸菜、牛、羊、猪肉和鸡、鸭。

ROMANIA SCENERY

Bucharest (Bucharest) is a Romanian capital and the country's economic, cultural and transportation center, located in the southeastern part of Wallachia, Romania, the central plains, the Danube River, a tributary of dimbovita like a green jade from the northwest through the city, the urban sub-is almost equal halves, the city reaches a length of 24 kilometers.

Bucharest in Romanian tenor as "Bucur Shendi", meaning "City of Joy" ("Bucur" meaning joy). According to legend, in the thirteenth century, there was a shepherd named Bucur his flock came dimbovita river, found here plants plump, mild climate, and thus settle down from the remote mountainous areas. Bucharest has become an important economic, political and cultural center.

City built around a new residential area. Bucharest is the largest industrial center in the southern suburbs Bell Cheney industrial base, a northern suburb in the electronics industry concentration. The main industrial sectors of the city with a mechanical, chemical, metallurgy, textile and garment, food processing. The total area of ​​the city's parks and boulevards gardens of 3,500 hectares. The famous parks include: 100 years of history, the lake created park, there are placed the tomb of the late leader of the Liberal National Park, there is the introduction over the name of the world's botanical gardens and flower Yi Cao youth parks.

June 2006, Bucharest City, the first city in China named after the street - "Beijing Boulevard" formally, this is an important activity in Bucharest City and Beijing signed the agreement to establish friendly relations after the city. "Beijing Boulevard" is about 1.5 km, located between the road and meter · Eric Adrian Doyle Road N. Kalam non-first district Bucharest City. Roads are located north and south ends of the Romanian state guesthouse and Chinese Embassy in Romania, both sides of the distribution Herlow Støre Ukrainian parks and other scenic spots, Luo people is the best place for recreation.

布加勒斯特(Bucharest)是罗马尼亚首都和全国的经济、文化和交通中心,位于罗马尼亚东南部瓦拉几亚平原中部,多瑙河支流登博维察河宛若青翠的玉带从西北穿过市区,把市区分为几乎相等的两半,城内河段长24公里。

布加勒斯特在罗马尼亚语中音为“布库尔什蒂”,意为“欢乐之城”(“布库尔”是欢乐的意思)。相传在十三世纪,有一个名叫布库尔的牧羊人从边远山区赶着羊群来到登博维察河边,发现这里水草肥美,气候温和,因而定居下来。布加勒斯特已成为一个重要的经济、政治和文化中心。

城市四周建有新住宅区。布加勒斯特是全国最大的工业中心,南郊是贝尔切尼工业基地,北郊是电子工业集中地。城市的主要工业部门有机械、化学、冶金、纺织和服装、食品加工等。市内公园和街心花园的总面积达3500公顷。著名的公园包括:有100多年历史、环湖建立的齐什米吉乌公园,有安放着已故国家领导人陵墓的自由公园,有引种世界各地名花异草的植物园和青年公园等。

2006年6月,布加勒斯特市第一条以中国城市命名的马路——“北京大道”正式挂牌,这是布加勒斯特市与北京签订建立友好城市关系协议后的一项重要活动。“北京大道”长约1.5公里,位于布加勒斯特市第一区米·埃里亚德路和尼·卡拉姆非尔路之间。道路南北两端分别坐落着罗马尼亚国宾馆以及中国驻罗大使馆,两侧分布有赫洛斯特勒乌公园等风景名胜,是罗民众假日休闲的最佳去处。

ROMANIA CHRISTMAS

In Romania, Christmas and mid-winter celebrations last from 20th December to 7th January. The 20th is when people celebrate St. Ignatius's Day. It is traditional that if the family keep pigs, one is killed on this day. The meat from the pig is used in the Christmas meals.

Sfantul Nicolae's Day (St Nicholas) is celebrated on the 6th December. On the evening of the 5th December children clean their shoes or boots and leave them by the door and hope that Sfantul Nicolae will leave them some small presents! Sfantul Nicolae might also be called 'Moş Nicolae' (Old Man Nicholas) and although he is celebrated in December, it's not part of the Christmas celebrations! A tradition says that if it snows on December 6th, Sfantul Nicolae has shaken his beard so that winter can begin.

The Christmas celebrations really begin on Christmas Eve, 24th, when it's time to decorate the Christmas Tree. This is done in the evening of Christmas Eve. In Romanian, Christmas Eve is called 'Ajunul Craciunului'.

Carol singing (known as 'Colindatul') is also a very popular part of Christmas in Romania. On Christmas Eve, children go out carol singing from house to house performing to the adults in the houses. They normally dance as well. The children get sweets, fruit, traditional cakes called 'cozonaci' and sometimes money for singing well. Adults go carol singing on Christmas Day evening and night.

在羅馬尼亞,聖誕節和冬季的慶祝活動將持續到12月20日至1月7日。第二十屆是人們慶祝聖伊格內修斯節。傳統上,如果家庭養豬,這一天就有一人死亡。聖誕餐中使用豬的肉。

聖尼古拉節(聖尼古拉斯)於12月6日慶祝。 12月5日晚,孩子們擦鞋子或靴子,把它們放在門邊,希望Sfantul Nicolae給他們留下一些小禮物! Sfantul Nicolae可能也被稱為“MoşNicolae”(老人尼古拉斯),雖然他在十二月慶祝,但這不是聖誕節慶祝活動的一部分!一個傳統說,如果在12月6日下雪,斯芬托·尼古拉(Sfantul Nicolae)已經動搖了他的鬍子,以便冬天可以開始。

聖誕節的慶祝活動確實從24號聖誕節前夕開始,當時是裝飾聖誕樹的時候。這是在聖誕夜前夕完成的。在羅馬尼亞,聖誕節前夕被稱為“Ajunul Craciunului”。

卡羅爾唱歌(被稱為“Colindatul”)也是羅馬尼亞聖誕節非常受歡迎的一部分。聖誕節前夕,孩子們挨家挨戶地演唱著房子裡的成年人。他們通常也會跳舞。孩子們得到糖果,水果,傳統的蛋糕,叫做“cozonaci”,有時候唱歌的時候還有錢。大人在傍晚和夜晚在聖誕節頌歌唱歌。