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NETHERLANDS CHARACTERS

The Netherlands, also known as the Kingdom of the Netherlands is famous for Eurasian Continental Bridge, the starting point in Europe.
Dutch land area of 41,864 square kilometers.

The Netherlands is located between latitude 51 ° -54 °, affected by the warm Atlantic Ocean, is a temperate maritime climate, cool. The Netherlands is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, its population density is more than 407.5 persons / sq km. The Netherlands is the developed capitalist countries, one of the top ten economies of Western. Dutch natural resources are relatively poor, but rich in natural gas reserves, in 2001 about 74.3 billion cubic meters of natural gas exploitation, self-sufficient, but also for export. Dutch industrial development, the main industrial sectors, semi-finished products, petrochemicals, metallurgy, machinery manufacturing, electronics, steel, shipbuilding, printing, diamond processing, raw material and sales market mainly rely on foreign countries. Netherlands importance to the development of space, microelectronics, biotechnology and other high-tech industries, traditional industries are mainly shipbuilding, metallurgy and so on. Rotterdam is Europe's largest oil refining center. The Netherlands is one of the major shipbuilding countries in the world. Dutch agriculture is developed, is the world's second largest exporter of agricultural products (after the United States). Modernization of agricultural production, milk, meat products for the domestic surplus, is the world's leading egg, milk, one of the exporting country.

荷兰又称尼德兰王国是著名的亚欧大陆桥的欧洲始发点。
荷兰国土总面积达41864平方千米。

荷兰位于北纬51°-54°之间,受大西洋暖流影响,属温带海洋性气候,冬暖夏凉。荷兰是世界上人口密度最高的国家之一,它的人口密度超过407.5人/平方千米。荷兰是发达的资本主义国家,西方十大经济之一。荷兰自然资源相对贫乏,但天然气储量丰富,2001年开采天然气约743亿立方米,自给有余,还能出口。荷工业发达,主要工业部门有,半成品加工、石油化工、冶金、机械制造、电子、钢铁、造船、印刷、钻石加工等,原料和销售市场主要依靠国外。荷兰重视发展空间、微电子、生物工程等高技术产业,传统工业主要是造船、冶金等。鹿特丹是欧洲最大的炼油中心。荷兰是世界主要造船国家之一。荷兰的农业也发达,是世界第二大农产品出口国(仅次于美国)。农业生产现代化,乳、肉产品供应国内有余,是世界主要蛋、乳出口国之一。

NETHERLANDS CULTURE

Dutch cultural pluralism reflect differences in the local culture and the influence of foreign cultures brought.
Netherlands known tolerant and open social atmosphere. Typically, the image of the Netherlands and trade, tulips, windmills, wooden shoes, cheese and white blue glaze porcelain linked. Dutch open-door policy on the treatment of narcotic drugs, the sex trade, gay marriage and euthanasia and other issues, attracted worldwide attention.

Classical music, the Netherlands has a large number of pipe systems Orchestra, distributed throughout the Netherlands. One of the most prestigious of the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra in Amsterdam, often performed in a foreign country, the famous eighteenth-century small tube through the orchestra Orchestra, the Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra and the Orchestra of Amsterdam Adams macro Berg. Netherlands Opera House each year about 10 plays, staged mainly in Amsterdam A tomb. Modern opera occupies an important share in the repertoire, and in addition to the capital Amsterdam, there are some theater staged opera.

Major cities internationally renowned music centers, such as Amsterdam Beem music room. North Sea Jazz Festival held annually in The Hague, is Europe's largest and most famous jazz festival. Female hand playing saxophone duo Joel Dover and urban pop band dance team performances at home and abroad are packed. From the beginning to the end of the year continue to have a large popular music concerts, one of the most famous is: Pentecost pop concerts, parks, pop concerts and open-air pop concert to take friction.

Dutch windmill was originally pioneered, to adapt to the needs of water use and mill industry. Today, although still "National Brand", but on the practical application of the Netherlands rare. People often think of the Netherlands called "windmill country", the Netherlands is a country of more than ten million population of western Europe. It's a real country called "Netherlands." "Ned" is low meaning, "blue" is the land, collectively referred to as "low-lying country." Netherlands third of the area only one meter above sea level in the North Sea, nearly a quarter below sea level, is really worthy of the name "Netherlands." The Netherlands is situated in the Earth's prevailing westerly, westerly winds blow throughout the year Sheng. At the same time it is the Atlantic Ocean, and is typical of maritime countries, long endless sea breeze. This gives the lack of water and power resources of the Netherlands, offers generous compensation for the use of wind power. Dutch windmill, the first imported from Germany. Initially, the windmill is only used for grinding and the like. To the 16th and 17th centuries, the Dutch economy windmill has a special significance. There are: paper and other effects, known as the "windmill of the country." Dutch windmill has always been known for. The windmill save more places, it is "child embankment Square."

Tulip famous, which is a very big factor because the Netherlands, the Dutch tulip is the national flower. The Dutch have a variety of cheeses. Cheese, like wine as separate classes. Windmills, wooden shoes, cheese, known as the Dutch tulip four treasures, but also at the first four treasures of the sabot, its status is evident. Dutch wooden shoes became a specialty, and the light is short, low-lying relevant. Less than 70 days year-round sunny weather, which makes the Dutch love their love of the sun as a painter Van Gogh pen "Sunflowers", but also so that they had to wear wooden shoes stocky against wet ground, work in the fields , garden crafts and even wear different styles of interior cleaning aspen shoes. Later, shrewd Dutch wooden shoes made ​​to develop into a semi-mechanical operation process, sabot has become characteristic products and tourism monuments.

 

荷兰文化的多元化体现在了不同地区文化的差异以及外国文化所带来的影响。
荷兰以社会风气宽容开放著称。通常,荷兰的形象与贸易、郁金香、风车、木鞋、奶酪和白蓝彩釉瓷器等相联系。荷兰在对待麻醉剂、性交易、同性婚姻和安乐死等问题上的开放政策,引起世人关注。

经典音乐方面,荷兰拥有大量的管统乐团,分布在荷兰各地。其中最负盛名的为阿姆斯特丹皇家音乐厅管弦乐团,经常在国外演出,著名的小型乐团有十八世纪管经乐团、阿姆斯特丹巴洛克管弦乐团以及阿姆斯特丹的斯宏伯格乐团。荷兰歌剧院每年推出约10曲剧目,主要在阿墓特丹上演。现代歌剧在演出剧目中占有重要份额,在首都阿姆斯特丹之外,也有一些剧团上演歌剧。

各大城市有国际知名的音乐中心,譬如阿姆斯特丹的毕姆音乐室。北海爵士音乐节每年在海牙举办,是欧洲规模最大和知名度最高的爵士音乐节。萨克斯管女吹奏手朵珥弗与流行乐队都市舞蹈队在国内外的演出都场场爆满。从年初到年末不断地有大型流行音乐演唱会,其中最有名的是:圣灵降临节流行音乐会、公园流行音乐会和地拿摩露天流行音乐会。

风车原为荷兰人首创,适应着水力利用和磨坊工业的需要。如今虽然仍为荷兰的“国家商标”,实际运用上却不多见了。人们常把荷兰称为“风车之国”,荷兰是欧洲西部一个只有一千多万人口的国家。它的真正国名叫“尼德兰”。“尼德”是低的意思,“兰”是土地,合起来称为“低洼之国”。荷兰荷兰三分之一的面积只高出北海海面1米,近四分之一低于海平面,真是名符其实的“尼德兰”。荷兰坐落在地球的盛行西风带,一年四季盛吹西风。同时它濒临大西洋,又是典型的海洋性气候国家,海陆风长年不息。这就给缺乏水力、动力资源的荷兰,提供了利用风力的优厚补偿。荷兰的风车,最早从德国引进。开始时,风车仅用于磨粉之类。到了十六、七世纪,风车对荷兰的经济有着特别重大的意义。有:造纸等作用,被誉为“风车之国”。荷兰向来以风车闻名。而保存风车较多的地方,则是“小孩堤坊”。

郁金香闻名于世,其中非常大的因素就是因为荷兰,郁金香是荷兰的国花。荷兰人有各种各样的奶酪。奶酪也像红酒一样分开等级。风车、木鞋、奶酪、郁金香号称荷兰四宝,而木鞋又位于四宝之首,其地位可见一斑。木鞋成为荷兰的特产,和光照期短、地势低洼有关。全年晴好天气不足70天,这使荷兰人的爱阳光一如所爱他们的画家梵·高笔下的“向日葵”,也使他们不得不穿上敦实的木鞋对付潮湿的地面,下地干活、庭院劳作乃至室内打扫都穿不同样式的白杨木鞋。后来,精明的荷兰人把木鞋制作发展成一门半机械操作的工艺,木鞋也就成为特色产品和旅游纪念物。

 

NETHERLANDS ARCHITECTURE

Municipal Opera (Stopera) is Amsterdam a group of buildings, including City Hall and Amsterdam's main opera house in Amsterdam Music Theatre (Muziektheater), Netherlands Opera (De Nederlandse Opera), National Ballet (Het Nationale Ballet) and the Netherlands Symphony Orchestra (Holland Symfonia) are located here.

The term "municipal Opera" is the Dutch "town hall" (stadhuis) and "opera" (opera) in the portmanteau.

Municipal Opera House is located in the center of Amsterdam, Amstel river bend, between Waterloo Place, Amstel River and Swan moat (Zwanenburgwal). Former municipal opera house facade bending, can be viewed from the interior foyer panoramic river through the glass facade.

Municipal Opera House built in 1988 next to a Jewish resistance monument (Joods Verzetsmonument), to commemorate the Jewish victims of the Second World War. This annual commemoration held on Kristallnacht.

Heineken Music Hall (Heineken Music Hall, HMH) is a concert hall in Amsterdam, near Amsterdam court. Hall (also known as "black boxes") to organize a concert, an area of ​​about 3,000 square meters, can accommodate 5,500 spectators. Another small hall can accommodate about 700 people. Heineken Music Hall is specifically designed for popular music.

Van Gogh's tragic life experience died in 1890, his brother Theo in Paris art broker, a total collection of Van Gogh's paintings and drawings 500 200, as well as Theo Van Gogh wrote a letter more than 850 letters, together with his friends as well as selected works of contemporary painters, galleries formed in excellent collection. Van Gogh Museum is under the "Dutch De Stijl movement," architect Gerrit · 里特费尔德 (Gerrit Rietveld) designed and built, and in 1973 unveiled. 1999 new flank stamped by the Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa design.

 

市政歌剧院(Stopera)是荷兰阿姆斯特丹的一组建筑群,包括阿姆斯特丹市政厅和阿姆斯特丹主要歌剧院音乐剧院(Muziektheater),荷兰歌剧团(De Nederlandse Opera)、国家芭蕾舞团(Het Nationale Ballet)和荷兰交响乐团(Holland Symfonia)都设于此。

「市政歌剧院」一词是荷兰语「市政厅」(stadhuis)和「歌剧院」(opera)的混成词。

市政歌剧院位于阿姆斯特丹的中心,阿姆斯特尔河弯曲处,介于滑铁卢广场、阿姆斯特尔河和天鹅城壕(Zwanenburgwal)之间。市政歌剧院的前立面弯曲,可从室内门厅透过玻璃立面观看河流的全景。

市政歌剧院毗邻是1988年建成的犹太抵抗纪念碑(Joods Verzetsmonument),纪念第二次世界大战犹太受害者。每年在此举行水晶之夜纪念活动。

海尼根音乐厅(Heineken Music Hall,HMH)是荷兰阿姆斯特丹一座音乐厅,邻近阿姆斯特丹球场。大厅(也称为「黑盒子」)用来举办演唱会,面积约3,000平方公尺,可容纳5,500名观众。另一小厅约可容纳700人。海尼根音乐厅是特别为流行音乐所设计的。

身世悲惨的梵谷于1890年与世长辞,他的弟弟西奥是巴黎的艺术经纪商,共收藏​​了梵谷的画200幅和素描500幅,还有梵谷写给西奥的信850多封,加上他友人以及当代画家的精选作品,形成了美术馆中出色的收藏。梵谷博物馆是根据「荷兰风格派运动」建筑师格里特·里特费尔德(Gerrit Rietveld)的设计而建的,1973年揭幕。 1999年加盖由日本建筑师黑川纪章设计的新侧翼。

 

NETHERLANDS ARTS & CRAVE

Vacheron Constantin Vacheron Constantin has the 2012 Geneva Salon International Haute Horlogerie debuted Métier d'Art Les Univers Infinis series. As the series second watch, the new Les Univers Infinis watches drawing inspiration from Dutch artist Moritz • Cornelis Escher paintings • aims to flat paved mosaic graphic arts cause with enthusiastic praise. The brand is also the Asia Watch Fair, the watch enthusiasts and collectors to show "flat paved Mosaic Law" graphic art charm.

江诗丹顿Vacheron Constantin 曾在2012年日内瓦国际高级钟表沙龙上首次推出了Métier d'Art Les Univers Infinis 系列。作为该系列的第二套腕表,全新的Les Univers Infinis系列腕表从荷兰艺术家莫里茨•科内利斯•埃舍尔的画作中汲取灵感,旨在向平面密镶镶嵌的图形艺术致以热烈的礼赞。品牌也在此次亚洲高级钟表展上,向​​钟表迷和藏家展示了「平面密镶镶嵌法」的图形艺术的魅力。

NETHERLANDS FOOD

Dutch way of eating herring quite special, not with fried or baked, but directly with chopped onion salad dressing or spotting raw egg yolk. Around tourist attractions and downtown retailers have sales booth. Tanqian fish in the Netherlands, you can always see the well-dressed locals pinch with the thumb and index finger fish tail, put the fish back up, dipped onion, raised his head, the direction of the head directed at the mouth, and then mouths, "ah Well," one, put the piece in his mouth munching raw fish swallow up the entire action at one go, it is to enjoy.

荷兰人吃鲱鱼的方式相当特殊,不是用煎或烘培的,而是直接搭配碎洋葱或者涂点蛋黄沙拉酱生吃。在各地的旅游景点以及闹市的贩摊都有销售。在荷兰的鱼摊前,可以随时看到衣冠楚楚的当地人就用拇指和食指捏住鱼尾巴,把鱼倒提了起来,蘸了蘸洋葱粒,抬起头,鱼头的方向冲着嘴,然后张大嘴巴,“啊唔”一口,就把那条生鱼吞进嘴里大嚼起来,整套动作一气呵成,很是享受。

NETHERLANDS SCENERY

Amsterdam is located in the south bank of Overijssel Kosei, Amstel river flowing from the city, so that the city has become the meeting point of the European inland waterways. Amsterdam is known as "Venice of the North" reputation. Has beautiful tulips, romantic canals, bicycles everywhere, flashing diamonds, precious art collection, as well as open-minded residents. Urban roads more than chaos, orderly hierarchy, ships can sail freely in the urban canals to anywhere in the city. Dam Square is the center of the heart of the city, next to the square lies the famous palace.

You can leisurely gentleman from the Anne Frank House along the canal, walk to the National Museum. Do not forget to find a home here rest a cafe, a cup of strong coffee, or to exile themselves on the natural and beautiful city park bench, enjoying the quiet excitement.

Although the Dutch capital Amsterdam, but the central government in The Hague. Aerobic green serenity of the city - the temperament Yucca Hague, with elegant royal temperament city. Urban population now has more than 50 million.

The Hague Sculpture Society will be along the Lange Voorthout streets, display a variety of art statue, originally monotonous trails converted into an open-air museum. It is full of greenery and quiet atmosphere filled city, but also has a side mortals: the traditional market hustle, romantic beaches and a lively casino. Public tram ride from The Hague city just 10 minutes away in the North Sea coast recreation area. Banghai built palatial hotel, since ancient times that is high society social place. Surrounded by casinos and theaters, brand-name merchandise comprehensive shopping street, etc., can fully enjoy a comfortable life of leisure.

 

阿姆斯特丹位于艾瑟尔湖西南岸,阿姆斯特尔河从市内流过,从而使该城市成为欧洲内陆水运的交汇点。阿姆斯特丹素有“北方威尼斯”的美称。拥有美丽的郁金香、浪漫的运河、随处可见的脚踏车、闪烁的钻石、珍贵的艺术珍藏,以及心胸开放的居民。市区道路多而不乱,层次井然,船只可以在市区运河中自由航行到市区的任何地方。市中心的达姆广场是该市的心脏,广场旁坐落着著名的王宫。

你可以悠闲地从安妮之家沿着绅士运河,散步到国立博物馆。在这里别忘了找家咖啡屋歇歇脚,来杯浓郁的咖啡,或者就放逐自己于自然而美丽的市立公园长椅上,享受热闹中的宁静。

荷兰的首都虽然是阿姆斯特丹,但中央政府位于海牙。绿色有氧的宁谧之城——气质雍雅的海牙,拥有典雅皇家气质的城市。现城市人口有50多万。

海牙雕塑学会都会沿着Lange Voorthout街道,陈列各种艺术雕像,将原本单调的小径转化成一座露天的博物馆。这是一个充满绿意和弥漫沉静气息的城市,同时也有着凡人的一面:喧器的传统市场、浪漫的海滩以及热闹的赌场。从海牙市内搭公共电车只需10分钟就可抵达北海沿岸的休闲区。傍海而建的宫殿式大饭店,自古代即是上流社会的社交场所。四周有娱乐场和剧院,名牌商品完备的购物街等,可充分享受到舒适的休闲生活。

 

Netherlands Christmas

For most children in The Netherlands, the most important day during December is 5th December, when Sinterklaas (St. Nicholas) brings them their presents!

St. Nicholas' day is on the 6th December, but in The Netherlands, the major celebrations are held on the 5th December. The name Santa Claus comes from the name Sinterklaas.

On the evening that Sinterklaas arrives in The Netherlands, children leave a shoe out by the fireplace or sometimes a windowsill and sing Sinterklaas songs. They hope that Sinterklaas will come during the night with some presents. They also believe that if they leave some hay and carrots in their shoes for Sinterklaas's horse, they will be left some sweets or small presents. They're told that, during the night, Sinterklaas rides on the roofs on his horse and that a 'Zwarte Piet' will then climb down the chimney (or through a window) and put the presents and/or candy in their shoes.

In many families the children are told that Sinterklaas and Zwarte Piet make a weekly visit, so the children leave their shoe by the fireplace or window i.e. every Saturday until the main Sinterklaas party on 5th December.

 

對於荷蘭的大多數孩子來說,12月份最重要的一天是12月5日,當時聖尼古拉斯(Sinterklaas)帶給他們的禮物!

聖尼古拉斯的日子是在12月6日,但在荷蘭,主要慶祝活動是在12月5日舉行。聖誕老人的名字來自Sinterklaas這個名字。

在Sinterklaas抵達荷蘭的那天晚上,孩子們在壁爐旁或者有時候在窗台上放了一隻鞋子,唱Sinterklaas歌曲。他們希望Sinterklaas會在晚上帶些禮物來。他們也相信,如果他們為聖誕老人的馬留下一些乾草和胡蘿蔔,他們會留下一些糖果或小禮物。他們被告知,在夜間,Sinterklaas騎在馬匹的屋頂上,“Zwarte Piet”將從煙囪(或通過窗戶)爬下來,把禮物和/或糖果放進鞋裡。

在許多家庭中,孩子們被告知Sinterklaas和Zwarte Piet每週都要去參觀,所以孩子們在每個星期六的壁爐或窗戶上都放著鞋子,直到12月5日的主要Sinterklaas派對。

 

NETHERLANDS CITIES

Drenthe

Assen
Coevorden
Emmen
Hoogeveen
Meppel

Flevoland

Almere
Biddinghuizen
Emmeloord
Lelystad

Friesland

Bolsward
Dokkum
Drachten
Franeker
Harlingen
Heerenveen
Hindeloopen
IJlst
Leeuwarden
Sloten
Sneek
Stavoren
Workum

 

 

 

 

Gelderland

Apeldoorn
Arnhem
Bredevoort
Buren
Culemborg
Deil
Dieren
Doetinchem
Ede
Enspijk
Gendt
Groenlo
Harderwijk
Hattem
Heukelum
Huissen
Nijkerk
Nijmegen
Tiel
Wageningen
Wijchen
Winterswijk
Zaltbommel
Zevenaar
Zutphen

Groningen
Appingedam
Delfzijl
Groningen
Hoogezand-Sappemeer
Stadskanaal
Veendam
Winschoten

 

Limburg
Geleen
Gennep
Heerlen
Kerkrade
Kessel
Landgraaf
Maastricht
Montfort
Nieuwstadt
Roermond
Sittard
Schin op Geul
Stein
Thorn
Valkenburg
Venlo
Weert

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


North Brabant
Bergen op Zoom
Breda
Boxtel
's-Hertogenbosch
Eindhoven
Geertruidenberg
Grave
Helmond
Heusden
Klundert
Oosterhout
Oss
Ravenstein
Roosendaal
Sint-Oedenrode
Tilburg
Valkenswaard
Veldhoven
Waalwijk
Willemstad
Woudrichem
Geldrop

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


North Holland
Alkmaa
Amstelveen
Amsterdam
Den Helder
Edam
Enkhuizen
Haarlem
Heerhugowaard
Hilversum
Hoofddorp
Hoorn
Laren
Purmerend
Medemblik
Monnickendam
Muiden
Naarden
Schagen
Velsen
Volendam
Weesp
Zaanstad

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overijssel
Almelo
Blokzijl
Deventer
Enschede
Genemuiden
Hasselt
Hengelo
Kampen
Oldenzaal
Steenwijk
Vollenhove
Zwolle

South Holland
Alphen aan den Rijn
Delft
Dordrecht
Gorinchem
Gouda
Leiden
Rotterdam
Spijkenisse
The Hague
Zoetermeer
Utrecht[edit]
Amersfoort
Nieuwegein
Utrecht
Veenendaal
Zeeland[edit]
Arnemuiden
Goes
Hulst
Middelburg
Sluis
Terneuzen
Veere
Vlissingen (English: Flushing)
Zierikzee