MACEDONIA

Republic of Macedonia (Република Македониа), located in southeastern Europe Balkans. Including the former Yugoslavia and Macedonia independent Republic of Macedonia, northern Greece, Macedonia and Bulgaria in the southwest corner. The Republic of Macedonia is generally referred to as "Macedonia", but the Republic of Macedonia and Macedonia are two different concepts, the Greek side that "Macedonia" is a concept of Greek history, and oppose the use of the Republic of Macedonia "Macedonia" name. August 2009, negotiations between the two countries appears to be a turning point, allegedly, Greece has already accepted the "Republic of Northern Macedonia" argument.

Area of ??25,713 square kilometers. Located in central Balkan peninsula, is a mountainous landlocked country. East of Bulgaria, the southern boundary of Greece, Albania to the west, north near Serbia, temperate continental climate to climate, most of the agricultural areas in summer maximum temperature of 40 ℃, winter minimum temperature of -30 ℃, the west by the Mediterranean climate , the average summer temperature 27 ℃, the annual average temperature is 10 ℃.

Macedonia in northern Greece, from the upper and lower regions of Macedonia two components. Macedonia is a mountainous plateau, only a few pass with the outside world. Under Macedonian fertile land, suitable for agriculture, is Macedonia's political, economic and cultural center, it is for the suzerainty of Macedonia have traditionally.

Macedonia's ethnic composition is more complex. In the early Bronze Age, a group of tribes moved to speak Greek Macedonia, after gradually in batches south, but some people still remain in Northern Greece. In the 7th century BC may be, these people left the team - Macedonian occupied Egypt cover expansion into Macedonia under the coastal plain, the formation of the Macedonian nation. They worship the Greek gods, especially the worship of Zeus and Hera Chris. Other Greek tribes in Macedonia and the Illyrians, who sent Ionian, Thracian mixed. Overall, not a purely Macedonian Greeks, but there are connections with the Greeks.

马其顿共和国(Република Македониа),位于欧洲东南部巴尔干半岛。而马其顿地区包括从前南斯拉夫独立出来的马其顿共和国、希腊北部的马其顿地区,以及保加利亚的西南角。马其顿共和国一般简称为“马其顿”,但马其顿共和国和马其顿地区是两个不同的概念,希腊方面认为“马其顿”是希腊历史的一个概念,反对马其顿共和国使用“马其顿”的名称。2009年8月,两国的谈判似乎出现了转机,据称,希腊方面已经接受了“北马其顿共和国”的说法。

面积25713平方公里。位于巴尔干半岛中部,是个多山的内陆国家。东邻保加利亚,南界希腊,西接阿尔巴尼亚,北傍塞尔维亚,气候以温带大陆性气候为主,大部分农业地区夏季最高气温达40℃,冬季最低气温达-30℃,西部受地中海式气候影响,夏季平均气温27℃,全年平均气温为10℃。

马其顿位于希腊北部,由上、下马其顿两地区组成。上马其顿是高原山区,仅有几个关隘与外界相通。下马其顿土地肥沃,适于农业,是马其顿的政治、经济、文化中心,它对于上马其顿有传统上的宗主权。

马其顿人的民族成分比较复杂。在早期青铜时代,一批操希腊语的部落迁至马其顿,后逐步分批南下,但有一部分人仍留在北希腊。可能在公元前7世纪,这些留下人中的一支——马其顿人占领了埃盖,扩张到了下马其顿的沿海平原,形成了马其顿国家。他们崇拜希腊的神祇,特别崇拜宙斯和赫拉克里斯。其他希腊语部落则在上马其顿与伊利里亚人、派奥尼亚人、色雷斯人相混合。从整体上看,马其顿人不是纯粹的希腊人,但与希腊人有渊源关系。

MACEDONIAM CULTURE

The rise of the ancient Macedonian empire in the Balkans, which has affiliated with the Roman Empire and the Ottoman Empire.

1913 belonged to Yugoslavia after the Balkan Wars, Greece and Bulgaria, the three countries. Major cities in the region have Thessaloniki, Skopje. Macedonia region geographically belong to the three countries now. Vardar Macedonia, the Republic of Macedonia, said, belongs to the section called Pirin Macedonia in Bulgaria, belonging to the Greek Aegean part of Macedonia, said.

World War I 后瓦尔达尔 incorporated Serbs in Macedonia - Croatia - Slovenia Kingdom (1929 renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia).

After World War II, the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia was established, originally Serbia Vardar Macedonia became one of the constituent units of the Yugoslav federation, called the Republic of Macedonia.

November 20, 1991, Macedonia declared its independence. But Macedonia is a geographical concept of Greek thought, and its scope includes the northern part of Greece, and resolutely oppose the country name "Macedonia" or "Macedonian" coinages as horses.

April 7, 1993, Macedonia as "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia," the temporary name of the United Nations. While acknowledging Bulgaria's independence and established diplomatic relations with Macedonia, but does not recognize the Macedonian nation and Macedonian.

 

古代马其顿帝国在巴尔干半岛兴起,其先后隶属于罗马帝国和奥斯曼帝国。

1913年巴尔干战争后分属于南斯拉夫、希腊和保加利亚三国。区内主要城市有萨洛尼卡、斯科普里。地理上的马其顿地区现在分属三国。马其顿共和国称瓦尔达尔马其顿,属于保加利亚的部分称皮林马其顿,属于希腊的部分称爱琴马其顿。

第一次世界大战后瓦尔达尔马其顿并入塞尔维亚人-克罗地亚人-斯洛文尼亚人王国(1929年改称南斯拉夫王国)。

第二次世界大战后,南斯拉夫联邦人民共和国成立,原属塞尔维亚的瓦尔达尔马其顿成为南斯拉夫联邦的组成单位之一,称马其顿共和国。

1991年11月20日,马其顿正式宣布独立。但希腊认为马其顿是地理概念,其范围包括希腊的北部地区,坚决反对将“马其顿”或“马其顿”的派生词作为马的国名。

1993年4月7日,马其顿以“前南斯拉夫马其顿共和国”的暂时名称加入联合国。保加利亚虽然承认马其顿​​的独立并与之建交,但不承认马其顿​​民族和马其顿语。

MACEDONIAM FOOD

Macedonia, the former Yugoslav federation diet followed the diet, due to the civil war and the economic downturn, so the diet is relatively simple.

Macedonians in the diet to pasta, it tastes too much weight, not afraid of greasy, but love to eat spicy food. Most people like to drink Turkish coffee, some people drink tea, wine, fruit wine and mineral water. Macedonia bread, wine both acclaim.

马其顿的饮食沿袭了前南斯拉夫联邦的饮食习惯,由于内战和经济不景气,所以饮食比较简单。

马其顿人在饮食上以面食为主,其口味偏重,不怕油腻,而且爱吃辣味食品。大多数人喜欢喝土耳其咖啡,也有人爱喝红茶、葡萄酒、果子酒和矿泉水。马其顿的面包、葡萄酒均获好评。

MACEDONIAM HOLIDAY

2014
January 1 New Year's Day (Нова Година, Nova Godina)
New Year's Day, also known as the "new years" refers to the current calendar of January 1. But before 1911, "New Year" that is today's "Spring Festival", which is the lunar New Year. New Year's Day is a holiday in many countries of the world or regions, such as China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Japan, Korea and so on. Among them China, Singapore and vacation day as a statutory holiday in Japan on vacation for six days, from years ago, on December 29 until the first of which China, Singapore and the day as a statutory holiday leave, leave Japan for six days, from years ago, December 29 day until the second year on January 3. Custom, the "New Year" major blessing to each other in various ways, greeting cards is one of the main forms.

January 2 New Year's Day (Нова Година, Nova Godina)
New Year's Day, also known as the "new years" refers to the current calendar of January 1. But before 1911, "New Year" that is today's "Spring Festival", which is the lunar New Year. New Year's Day is a holiday in many countries of the world or regions, such as China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Japan, Korea and so on. Among them China, Singapore and vacation day as a statutory holiday in Japan on vacation for six days, from years ago, on December 29 until the first of which China, Singapore and the day as a statutory holiday leave, leave Japan for six days, from years ago, December 29 day until the second year on January 3. Custom, the "New Year" major blessing to each other in various ways, greeting cards is one of the main forms.

January 7 Orthodox Christmas
Christmas in Taiwan, also known as Christmas, is a traditional festival of the church calendar, it is a celebration day Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus. On Christmas Day, most of the Catholic church will be on Christmas Eve on December 24, that is December 25 Midnight Mass held in the morning, and some Christian churches will hold caroling, and then in December 25 to celebrate Christmas ; while the other major branch of Christianity - Orthodox Christmas celebrations in the annual January 7. According to Catholic Gospels, Jesus is the Bethlehem of the Virgin Mary by the Holy Spirit pregnant after giving birth, Mary and her husband Joseph was on his way to Rome census registration. Jesus was born in a Jewish believer seems to be the Messiah prophesied in the plan to come to realize, because Bethlehem is 约瑟祖 David first family home. Christmas is also the Western world as well as many other areas of public holidays, for example: in Asia, Hong Kong, Macau, Malaysia and Singapore. However, the exact date of Jesus' birth is disputed.

April 13 Orthodox Good Friday (Велики Петок, Veliki Petok)
Christ on Good Friday, also known as: Good Friday, Christians commemorate Jesus Christ is crucified crucifixion day was a Friday before Easter. According to the Bible, Jesus in AD 33 Nisan in the Jewish calendar around at 9:00 on the 14th was crucified, died at about three p.m.. Jesus told his disciples alone to commemorate his death.

April 15 Orthodox Easter
Easter (the resurrection day) is an important festival west, the full moon after the vernal equinox each year on the first Sunday. Christians believe that Easter symbolizes rebirth and hope, to commemorate the crucifixion of Jesus Christ on the third day after the Day of Resurrection cross between AD 30-33 years. If the region has the Easter holidays, it is usually with the Good Friday holiday. Today, many folk customs associated with Easter such as Easter Bunny and Easter eggs are not the origin of Christianity. Jesus commanded his disciples to remember his death (Luke 22: 19, 20).

April 16 Orthodox Easter Monday
Easter (the resurrection day) is an important festival west, the full moon after the vernal equinox each year on the first Sunday. Christians believe that Easter symbolizes rebirth and hope, to commemorate the crucifixion of Jesus Christ on the third day after the Day of Resurrection cross between AD 30-33 years. If the region has the Easter holidays, it is usually with the Good Friday holiday. Today, many folk customs associated with Easter such as Easter Bunny and Easter eggs are not the origin of Christianity. Jesus commanded his disciples to remember his death (Luke 22: 19, 20).

May 1 International Labor Day (Ден на трудот, Den na trudot)
International Labor Day, also known as "May Day", "International Day demonstrations," is Labor Day in most countries of the world.

August 2nd Republic Day (Ден на Републиката, Den na Republikata)

August 18 Fitr (Рамазан Бајрам, Ramazan Bajram)
Eid al-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر), also called Eid (Uyghur: Roza héyt), is the world's Muslims celebrate the end of Ramadan festival in the Islamic calendar month of the first day of the flash Tuvalu. Eid day, Muslims usually get up very early, as early as you can eat something after prayer, symbolizing the end of Ramadan. Then out of the gathering, greeting each other hugs and restore contact between friends and relatives. Muslims wear festive clothes on this day, beaming. Eid is not only the end of Ramadan, and is grateful to Allah (God Allah) to make their faith more firmly. Peaceful festive. From there Fitr Islamic calendar, Eid is the first time the Prophet Muhammad and his family and friends to celebrate in person.

September 8 Independence Day (Ден на независноста, Den na nezavisnosta)

October 11 Revolution Day (Ден на востанието, Den na vostanieto)

Revolution Day October 23 (Ден на македонската револуционерна борба, Den na makedonskata revolucionarna borba)

December 8 San Clemente in Ohrid (Св. Климент Охридски, Sv. Kliment Ohridski)

维尔纽斯是立

1月1日 元旦 (Нова Година, Nova Godina)
  元旦,也被称为“新历年”,是指现行公历的1月1日。但在1911年之前,“元旦”即是今天的“春节”,也就是夏历新年。元旦是世界上很多国家或地区的法定假日,如中国大陆、台湾、香港、澳门、新加坡、日本、韩国等。其中中国、新加坡均作为法定假日休假一天,日本休假六天,从年前的12月29日一直到第其中中国、新加坡均作为法定假日休假一天,日本休假六天,从年前的12月29日一直到第二年的1月3日。习俗方面,“元旦”主要以各种方式互相祝福,贺年卡是其中主要形式。
   
1月2日 元旦 (Нова Година, Nova Godina)
  元旦,也被称为“新历年”,是指现行公历的1月1日。但在1911年之前,“元旦”即是今天的“春节”,也就是夏历新年。元旦是世界上很多国家或地区的法定假日,如中国大陆、台湾、香港、澳门、新加坡、日本、韩国等。其中中国、新加坡均作为法定假日休假一天,日本休假六天,从年前的12月29日一直到第其中中国、新加坡均作为法定假日休假一天,日本休假六天,从年前的12月29日一直到第二年的1月3日。习俗方面,“元旦”主要以各种方式互相祝福,贺年卡是其中主要形式。
   
1月7日 东正教圣诞节
  圣诞节,在台湾也称作圣诞节,是教会年历的一个传统节日,它是基督徒庆祝耶稣基督诞生的庆祝日。在圣诞节,大部分的天主教教堂都会先在12月24日的平安夜,亦即12月25日凌晨举行子夜弥撒,而一些基督教会则会举行报佳音,然后在12月25日庆祝圣诞节;而基督教的另一大分支——东正教的圣诞节庆祝则在每年的1月7日。根据天主教的福音书,耶稣是伯利恒的圣母玛利亚受圣灵感孕后生下的,玛利亚和丈夫约瑟当时正在去罗马人口普查注册的路上。耶稣的出生在信徒看来是犹太教预言中的默西亚将要到来计划的实现,因为伯利恒是约瑟祖先戴维一族的家。圣诞节也是西方世界以及其它很多地区的公共假日,例如:在亚洲的香港、澳门、马来西亚和新加坡。但耶稣确切的出生日期是存在争议的。
   
4月13日 东正教 耶稣受难日 (Велики Петок, Veliki Petok)
  基督受难日,又称为:耶稣受难节,是基督教信徒纪念耶稣基督被钉在十字架上受难的日子,是复活节前一个星期五。据圣经记载,耶稣于公元33年犹太历尼散月十四日上午九时左右被钉在十字架上,于下午三时左右死去。耶稣唯独吩咐门徒要纪念他的死亡。
   
4月15日 东正教复活节
  复活节(主复活日)是一个西方的重要节日,在每年春分月圆之后第一个星期日。基督徒认为,复活节象征着重生与希望,为纪念耶稣基督于公元30到33年之间被钉死在十字架之后第三天复活的日子。如该地区有复活节假期的话,通常与耶稣受难日一起放假。今天,许多与复活节相关的民间风俗例如复活节兔和复活节彩蛋都不是起源于基督教的。耶稣只吩咐门徒要记念自己的死亡(路加福音22:19,20)。
   
4月16日 东正教复活节星期一
  复活节(主复活日)是一个西方的重要节日,在每年春分月圆之后第一个星期日。基督徒认为,复活节象征着重生与希望,为纪念耶稣基督于公元30到33年之间被钉死在十字架之后第三天复活的日子。如该地区有复活节假期的话,通常与耶稣受难日一起放假。今天,许多与复活节相关的民间风俗例如复活节兔和复活节彩蛋都不是起源于基督教的。耶稣只吩咐门徒要记念自己的死亡(路加福音22:19,20)。
   
5月1日 国际劳动节 (Ден на трудот, Den na trudot)
  国际劳动节又称“五一国际劳动节”、“国际示威游行日”,是世界上大多数国家的劳动节。
   
8月2日 共和国日 (Ден на Републиката, Den na Republikata)
   
8月18日 开斋节 (Рамазан Бајрам, Ramazan Bajram)
  开斋节(阿拉伯语: عيد الفطر),也叫肉孜节(维吾尔语:Roza héyt),是全球穆斯林庆祝斋月结束的节日,在伊斯兰历闪瓦鲁月的第一天。 开斋节这天,穆斯林一般很早起床,早祈祷后就可以吃一些东西,象征斋月结束。然后出去团拜,互相拥抱问候,恢复朋友和亲友之间的联系。穆斯林在这一天都穿节日衣服,喜气洋洋。开斋节不仅是斋月结束,而且是感谢安拉(真神阿拉)使他们信仰更加坚定。是和平欢乐的节日。 从有伊斯兰历就有开斋节,第一次肉孜节是先知穆罕默德和他的家人朋友亲自庆祝的。
   
9月8日 独立日 (Ден на независноста, Den na nezavisnosta)
   
10月11日 革命纪念日 (Ден на востанието, Den na vostanieto)
   
10月23日 革命的纪念日 (Ден на македонската револуционерна борба, Den na makedonskata revolucionarna borba)
   
12月8日 圣克莱门特的奥赫里德 (Св. Климент Охридски, Sv. Kliment Ohridski)