The Republic of Estonia is one of the Baltic countries in Eastern Europe , the West and Russia, which borders with Latvia , respectively, to the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Finland to the north , south and east . In 1991, after Lithuania declared its independence , Estonia also followed independence , the capital of Tallinn . The modern name of the country of Estonia (Eesti) may be derived from the Roman historian Tacitus' book " Germania Chi" is called Aestii crowd described . Although Estonia overall resource-poor , but it was still a small amount of land rich variety of resources. The country also has a large oil shale and limestone as well as 47% of the territory covered by forests . Because of its fast-growing economy , information technology is developed, Estonia has often been called the " Baltic Tiger" , the World Bank as high-income countries of Estonia . Joined the EU in 2004 , to become members of the EU .

Estonia is known as a beautiful country surrounded by the sea . Here, sunrise and sunset are rising from the sea falling .

Located on the east coast , east border with Russia , South and neighboring Latvia , north of the Gulf of Finland , the Finnish across the sea, near the southwest Gulf of Riga , 1445 km long border line , 3794 km long coastline . A maritime climate , the average winter temperature is -5 ℃, the average summer temperature is 16 ℃, the average annual rainfall 500-700 mm.

Natural resources . The main mineral oil shale ( proven reserves of about 60 million tons) , phosphate ( reserves of about 40 million tons) , limestone and so on . Forest area of ??2,115,500 hectares , the forest coverage rate reached 48%, and forest stock volume 409 million cubic meters , has a capacity of 178 cubic meters of wood per capita .

Love has deep ties with the Nordic country's history , politics , economy, military, culture closely . In 2006, the two sides continue to maintain high-level visits , after the election of President Ilves in Finland 's first visit that is selected , the Prime Minister Ansip to attend EU summit held in Finland , the Asia-Europe summit.

Estonia is rich in tourism resources of a country , the forest coverage rate reached 48% , lakes dotted with islands , medieval castles , national parks, seaside resorts are tourist places not to be missed . Estonia is a lot of European countries after the garden , especially in the Nordic countries Finland, Sweden, the number of classes every day, large passenger ships traveling between Tallinn and Helsinki , Stockholm , the beautiful Baltic ferries also became a landscape .

Estonia is a Baltic gem offering visitors the chance to see a tiny dynamic land on the shores of the Baltic Sea. Glorious beaches pepper the extensive coastline, although the swimming season is short. After all, the Baltics are not renowned for warm weather - something that any visitor to Estonia must be aware of — the summer is short and the winter is severe.

Tallinn's medieval old town was built by the German crusaders in the Late Middle Ages and is in magnificent condition, with the medieval city walls and towers almost completely intact and it rates as one of Europe's best medieval old towns. Visitors can also experience an ex-Soviet occupied country that is now part of the European Union. Traces of the Soviet era are still there to be seen — e.g. Paldiski, a deserted Soviet army base that was once off-limits to Estonians themselves, can easily be visited on a day trip from the capital, Tallinn.

 

爱沙尼亚共和国是东欧波罗的海三国之一,西向波罗的海,北向芬兰湾,南面和东面分别同拉脱维亚和俄罗斯接壤。1991年,在立陶宛宣布独立以后,爱沙尼亚也跟随独立,首都为塔林。爱沙尼亚的现代国名(Eesti)可能来源于古罗马历史学家塔西佗的著作《日耳曼尼亚志》中描述的被称为Aestii的人群。尽管爱沙尼亚总体资源贫乏,但其土地仍有少量却品种丰富的资源。该国还拥有大量油页岩和石灰石以及覆盖47%领土的森林。由于其高速增长的经济,资讯科技较发达,爱沙尼亚经常被称作“波罗的海之虎”,世界银行将爱沙尼亚列为高收入国家。2004年加入欧盟,成为欧盟成员。

爱沙尼亚被誉为四周都是海的美丽国度。在这里,日出日落都是从海上升起落下的。

位于东海岸,东与俄罗斯接壤,南与拉脱维亚相邻,北邻芬兰湾,与芬兰隔海相望,西南濒里加湾,边界线长1445公里,海岸线长3794公里。属海洋性气候,冬季平均气温-5℃,夏季平均气温16℃,年平均降水量500-700毫米。

自然资源匮乏。主要矿产有油页岩(探明的储藏量约60亿吨)、磷矿(储量约40亿吨),石灰岩等。森林面积211.55万公顷,森林覆盖率达48%,森林蓄积量4.09亿立方米,人均木材拥有量达178立方米。

爱与北欧国家历史渊源深厚,政治、经济、军事、文化关系密切。2006年,双方继续保持高层互访,总统伊尔维斯当选后首次出访即选定芬兰,总理安西普参加在芬兰举行的欧盟首脑会议、亚欧首脑会议。

爱沙尼亚是一个旅游资源丰富的国家,森林覆盖率达到48%,湖泊岛屿星罗棋布,中世纪古城堡、国家公园、海边度假胜地都是游客不容错过的地方。爱沙尼亚也是很多欧洲国家的后花园,尤其是北欧国家芬兰、瑞典,每天都有数班大型客轮往返于塔林与赫尔辛基、斯德哥尔摩之间,美丽的客轮也成为波罗的海的一道风景。

爱沙尼亚是波罗的海宝石为游客提供机会看到一个微小动态地在波罗的海沿岸。美丽的海滩辣椒漫长的海岸线,虽然游泳的季节很短。毕竟,波罗的海国家是没有见着温暖的天气 - 这是任何访问者爱沙尼亚必须意识到 - 夏季短,冬季是严重的。

塔林的中世纪古城是由在中世纪晚期的德国十字军建,是宏伟的条件下,与中世纪的城墙和塔楼几乎完全不变,并将其得分为欧洲最好的中世纪城镇之一。游客还可以体验一个前苏联占领的国家,现在是欧盟的一部分。苏联时代的痕迹仍然存在待观察 - 例如帕尔迪斯基,一个废弃的苏联陆军基地,曾经是禁地到爱沙尼亚人自己,可以很容易地访问从首都塔林一日游

 

ESTONIA CULTURE

s and strong, to participate in the talks, punctual for appointments. Feelings are not easily exposed, focus on maintaining national characteristics, a strong sense of national culture and language. Love prohibit smoking in public places.

Estonian Art Academy

Tallinn, Estonia at the Art Institute, which was founded in 1904, formerly known as the School of Applied Arts in Tallinn, Estonia only one University College of Art and Design class. Currently, the school has 762 students from all over the world. 1999, the hospital joined the European education system, and with from the UK, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Finland, Spain, the United States, Poland and other 15 European countries many art institutions have extensive exchanges and cooperation.

爱沙尼亚人民勤劳朴实,善良友好,办事认真,讨划性强,参加会谈,准时赴约。感情不容易外露,注重保持民族特点,对本民族文化和语言的意识强烈。爱禁止在公共场合吸烟。

爱沙尼亚艺术学院

位于塔林的爱沙尼亚艺术学院,其前身为创建于1904年的塔林应用美术学院,是爱沙尼亚唯一一所大学级的艺术和设计学院。目前,学校共有来自全世界各地的762名学生。1999年,该院加入了欧盟教育体系, 并与来自英国、法国、德国、荷兰、芬兰、西班牙、美国、波兰等15个欧美国家众多艺术院校有着广泛的交流和合作。

ESTONIA FOOD

Due to historical reasons, the Estonian daily diet is very close to Germany. Pork, potatoes more common. Because ethnic Russians accounted for 20% more than the population of Estonia, where Russian cuisine everywhere. The most common is the Russian black bread - Column bar. Estonian cuisine has Marineeritud angerjas flooded eel, Silgusoust acid juice Baltic fish, Mulgikapsad pork with sauerkraut, Verivorst blood sausage. Estonian beer, Saku, Estonia's largest brewery, is well-known beer brands in Estonia.

Since Estonia is located in Northern Europe, so the type of vegetables, fruit affected by climate not very rich. Generally only see a few common vegetables in the supermarket, like cabbage, onions, potatoes, carrots. Other ingredients, such as garlic, ginger and the like prices are high. As for the fruit, it would be more regarded as a luxury, and the price is very high. Therefore, Estonia is more interested in eating meat, have less fruit or vegetable ingredients.

由于历史的原因,爱沙尼亚的日常饮食非常接近德国。猪肉、土豆比较普遍。因为俄罗斯族人占爱沙尼亚人口的20%多,这里俄罗斯风味的菜肴也随处可见。最常见的是俄罗斯的黑面包-列巴。爱沙尼亚特色美食有Marineeritud angerjas淹鳗鱼,Silgusoust波罗的海酸汁鱼,Mulgikapsad 配酸菜的猪肉,Verivorst血肠。爱沙尼亚的啤酒,Saku是爱沙尼亚最大的酒厂,也是爱沙尼亚家喻户晓的啤酒品牌。
爱沙尼亚由于地处北欧,所以蔬菜、水果的种类受气候的影响不是十分的丰富。一般只能在超市看到几种普通的蔬菜,像圆白菜、洋葱、土豆、胡萝卜。其他的配料,像大蒜、姜之类的价格都比较高。而对于水果来说,那就更算得上是奢侈品了,价格非常高。因此,爱沙尼亚的饮食更偏向肉食,较少有水果或者蔬菜的配料。

ESTONIA HAPPY HOLIDAY

January 1 New Year's Day (uusaasta)
New Year's Day, also known as the "new years" refers to the current calendar of January 1. But before 1911, "New Year" that is today's "Spring Festival", which is the lunar New Year. New Year's Day is a holiday in many countries of the world or regions, such as China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Japan, Korea and so on. Among them China, Singapore and vacation day as a statutory holiday in Japan on vacation for six days, from years ago, on December 29 until the first of which China, Singapore and the day as a statutory holiday leave, leave Japan for six days, from years ago, December 29 day until the second year on January 3. Custom, the "New Year" major blessing to each other in various ways, greeting cards is one of the main forms.

February 24th Independence Day (iseseisvuspäev)

April 6 Jesus Good Friday (suur reede)
Christ on Good Friday, also known as: Good Friday, Christians commemorate Jesus Christ is crucified crucifixion day was a Friday before Easter. According to the Bible, Jesus in AD 33 Nisan in the Jewish calendar around at 9:00 on the 14th was crucified, died at about three p.m.. Jesus told his disciples alone to commemorate his death.

April 8 Easter (ülestõusmispühade 1. püha, lihavõtted)
Easter (the resurrection day) is an important festival west, the full moon after the vernal equinox each year on the first Sunday. Christians believe that Easter symbolizes rebirth and hope, to commemorate the crucifixion of Jesus Christ on the third day after the Day of Resurrection cross between AD 30-33 years. If the region has the Easter holidays, it is usually with the Good Friday holiday. Today, many folk customs associated with Easter such as Easter Bunny and Easter eggs are not the origin of Christianity. Jesus commanded his disciples to remember his death (Luke 22: 19, 20).

May 1 Spring Break (kevadpüha)

May 27 Pentecost (nelipühade 1. püha)
Pentecost or harvest festival is one of the three feast of the Jews, and later became the Christian Pentecost day (or Pentecost). Jewish feast according to the Jewish calendar period, to commemorate the fiftieth day after the Israelites out of Egypt, God awarded to Moses on Mount Sinai, "Ten Commandments" of the day; Pentecost Christian date is scheduled in the first 50 days after Easter Jesus Assumption 10 days after the holiday.

June 23 Victory Day (võidupüha)

June 24 Midsummer (jaanipäev)
Midsummer is a celebration of the summer solstice comes, Chinese people celebrate Midsummer less, but in the Nordic Midsummer is an important holiday. Midsummer festival in Denmark, Finland and Sweden are public holidays. In Eastern Europe, Central Europe, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Iceland and other places are also celebrating Midsummer. Midsummer is an important traditional festivals residents of northern Europe, in some places, local residents will be erected on this day midsummer column (Maypole). Midsummer festival has become an important festival in the Nordic a local celebration, and local partial cold weather related.

August 20 restoration of independence (taasiseseisvumispäev)

December 25 Christmas Day (esimene jõulupüha)
Christmas in Taiwan, also known as Christmas, is a traditional festival of the church calendar, it is a celebration day Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus. On Christmas Day, most of the Catholic church will be on Christmas Eve on December 24, that is December 25 Midnight Mass held in the morning, and some Christian churches will hold caroling, and then in December 25 to celebrate Christmas ; while the other major branch of Christianity - Orthodox Christmas celebrations in the annual January 7. According to Catholic Gospels, Jesus is the Bethlehem of the Virgin Mary by the Holy Spirit pregnant after giving birth, Mary and her husband Joseph was on his way to Rome census registration. Jesus was born in a Jewish believer seems to be the Messiah prophesied in the plan to come to realize, because Bethlehem is 约瑟祖 David first family home. Christmas is also the Western world as well as many other areas of public holidays, for example: in Asia, Hong Kong, Macau, Malaysia and Singapore. However, the exact date of Jesus' birth is disputed.

December 26 Boxing Day (teine ​​jõulupüha)

1月1日 元旦 (uusaasta)
  元旦,也被称为“新历年”,是指现行公历的1月1日。但在1911年之前,“元旦”即是今天的“春节”,也就是夏历新年。元旦是世界上很多国家或地区的法定假日,如中国大陆、台湾、香港、澳门、新加坡、日本、韩国等。其中中国、新加坡均作为法定假日休假一天,日本休假六天,从年前的12月29日一直到第其中中国、新加坡均作为法定假日休假一天,日本休假六天,从年前的12月29日一直到第二年的1月3日。习俗方面,“元旦”主要以各种方式互相祝福,贺年卡是其中主要形式。
   
2月24日 独立日 (iseseisvuspäev)
   
4月6日 基督受难日 (suur reede)
  基督受难日,又称为:耶稣受难节,是基督教信徒纪念耶稣基督被钉在十字架上受难的日子,是复活节前一个星期五。据圣经记载,耶稣于公元33年犹太历尼散月十四日上午九时左右被钉在十字架上,于下午三时左右死去。耶稣唯独吩咐门徒要纪念他的死亡。
   
4月8日 复活节 (ülestõusmispühade 1. püha, lihavõtted)
  复活节(主复活日)是一个西方的重要节日,在每年春分月圆之后第一个星期日。基督徒认为,复活节象征着重生与希望,为纪念耶稣基督于公元30到33年之间被钉死在十字架之后第三天复活的日子。如该地区有复活节假期的话,通常与耶稣受难日一起放假。今天,许多与复活节相关的民间风俗例如复活节兔和复活节彩蛋都不是起源于基督教的。耶稣只吩咐门徒要记念自己的死亡(路加福音22:19,20)。
   
5月1日 春假 (kevadpüha)
   
5月27日 五旬节 (nelipühade 1. püha)  
  五旬节或收割节,是犹太人的三大节期之一,及后成为基督教的圣灵降临日(或圣神降临节)。犹太教按犹太历守节期,纪念以色列人出埃及后第五十天,上帝在西奈山颁给摩西《十诫》的日子;基督教的圣灵降临节的日期则定在复活节后第50天和耶稣升天节后10天。
   
6月23日 胜利日 (võidupüha)
   
6月24日 仲夏节 (jaanipäev)
  仲夏节是夏至来临时的庆祝活动,中国人较少庆祝仲夏节,但仲夏节在北欧是一个重要的节日。仲夏节在丹麦、芬兰及瑞典都是公众假期。在东欧、中欧、英国、爱尔兰、冰岛等地也有庆祝仲夏节。仲夏节是欧洲北部地区居民的重要传统节庆活动,在一些地方,当地居民会在这一天竖立仲夏柱(Maypole)。仲夏节在北欧当地成为一个庆祝的重要节日,和当地偏寒冷的气候有关系。
   
8月20日 恢复独立 (taasiseseisvumispäev)
   
12月25日 圣诞节 (esimene jõulupüha)
  圣诞节,在台湾也称作圣诞节,是教会年历的一个传统节日,它是基督徒庆祝耶稣基督诞生的庆祝日。在圣诞节,大部分的天主教教堂都会先在12月24日的平安夜,亦即12月25日凌晨举行子夜弥撒,而一些基督教会则会举行报佳音,然后在12月25日庆祝圣诞节;而基督教的另一大分支——东正教的圣诞节庆祝则在每年的1月7日。根据天主教的福音书,耶稣是伯利恒的圣母玛利亚受圣灵感孕后生下的,玛利亚和丈夫约瑟当时正在去罗马人口普查注册的路上。耶稣的出生在信徒看来是犹太教预言中的默西亚将要到来计划的实现,因为伯利恒是约瑟祖先戴维一族的家。圣诞节也是西方世界以及其它很多地区的公共假日,例如:在亚洲的香港、澳门、马来西亚和新加坡。但耶稣确切的出生日期是存在争议的。
   
12月26日 节礼日 (teine jõulupüha)