Bosnia and Herzegovina


In the former Yugoslavia and Central, between two of the Republic of Croatia and Serbia. In 1945, the Yugoslav peoples achieved victory over fascism, the establishment of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Herzegovina became a republic Yugoslav federation. Sarajevo, the capital. Bosnia and Herzegovina during the Yugoslav federation is one of the poorer regions, independent after the civil war, the economy severely compromised. Currently BiH economy is gradually recovering, but also be from a planned economy to a market economy. The country on the administration and management is divided into three entities, one for the Federation of BiH, Republika Srpska and the other is, again Brcko District.

Bosnia and Herzegovina on the history itself is only the name of the two geographical areas, political entities in the country today is still not directly use these two names represent geographic areas exist only with the use of ethnic Bosnian Croats name (wave political entities exist only black federal), and Serbs (Republika Srpska) represents.

Capital - Sarajevo (Sarajevo), area of ??142 square kilometers, population 424,000 (2011).

In the external sector, 1990 was $ 2.876 billion exports, imports amounted to $ 2.548 billion. Major trading partners are Croatia, Italy, Slovenia, Germany, Austria and so on.

Until recently, the idea of a Bosnian nationality mainly applied to the nation's Muslims, also referred to as Bosniaks. Bosnia's Croatians and Serbs looked to Serbia and Croatia for guidance and as the mother country and both had aspirations for political union with either Serbia or Croatia once the Yugoslav state began to fall apart in the early 1990s. This of course spelled disaster for the state of Bosnia and as a result a bloody civil war was fought between all three groups. In the end the Croatian-Muslim alliance fought the Serbian forces on the ground whilst NATO attacked the Bosnian Serbs from the air.

A peace treaty followed with a heavy handled role of the U.S. Clinton Administration helping seal the deal. The result was that Bosnia would be a federation comprising a Croat-Muslim unit alongside a Serb autonomous entity. Things have rapidly improved since then but the two regions of Bosnia still have a long way to go towards complete political and social union. As of now, it could be said Bosnia functions as one country with two or even three different parts. However, the central government lies in Sarajevo and there is one common currency, the Mark .











Croatian folk dance onto the stage to sing out of a wind-swept pastures of Central Europe firmament of heaven and earth. Dance Changbu Wan Chung Lele, a simple pleasure, like going into open countryside endless parties, boys and girls, neighborhood, recreation, festivities, and all are returning to the labor and seasonal praise.

Even field folk dance, search Luo Keguo coastal, inland, mountains, plateaus, islands and other districts essence of traditional dance music, a melting furnace, nearly 50 people dance choir and orchestra wearing colorful ethnic costumes, jump around Jing Jing yardstick dance, singing a leisurely world, earth touching, adding bagpipes, drums and a rare gram country folk Xiaoqin, bell boots and piccolo, like a kaleidoscope of ever-changing art, so the audience deeply appreciate the wide range of local traditions culture, beautiful!

Croatian National Folk Dance Troupe was founded sixty years, known in Europe, the Balkans, Slavic, Mediterranean hundred and one thousand two sets of branches dance in traditional clothing eclectic, known as the "dancing museum", which is part of the project but the United Nations Educational cultural Organization as intangible cultural heritage.





Diocletian's Palace (English: Diocletian's Palace) Roman Empire Palace, about AD 295 - AD 305 years to build, covers an area of ​​nearly 400 hectares. Diocletian abdicated after living here. Located in the city of Split in Croatia, for a grand forts and magnificent waterfront luxury giant country house. Flat rectangular, palace north to south and 215 meters, a wall thickness of 2.1 m. Pro before Adriatic Sea, south of 22 meters high, 18 meters high in the north. Total 16 towers and four palace. Its center has two 11-meter-wide arcade Avenue. The front of the palace chambers, 160 meters long coastal arcade, 7.3 meters wide, can lookout sea and the Dalmatian coast. When Chodo, Avars invaded the palace in the rear as being severely damaged, 639 years after the Avars retreat, the palace ruins are replaced him with 萨洛纳 City refugees. In 1979, the site was listed as a World Heritage Site.

戴克里先宫(英语: Diocletian's Palace)罗马帝国宫殿,约公元295年—公元305年建,占地近4公顷。戴克里先退位后即居于此。位于克罗埃西亚斯普利特市,为一座宏大壮丽的海滨堡垒和豪华巨型乡间别墅。平面呈长方形,宫殿南北长215米,宫墙厚2.1米。前临亚得里亚海,南高22米,北高18米。计16座塔楼和4座宫门。其中心有两条11米宽的拱廊大道。宫殿前部为寝宫,沿海拱廊长160米,宽7.3米,可瞭望海景和达尔马提亚海岸。后部为朝堂,宫殿于阿瓦尔人入侵时被严重破坏,639年阿瓦尔人撤退后,宫殿遗址被萨洛纳城难民改为他用。 1979年,该遗址被列为世界文化遗产。


Only one of Croatia and Italy across the sea, since the beginning of the era of the Roman Empire, to the medieval Venetian prosperity, are deeply cultural influence of the Italian peninsula. Currently, Croatia still retains amphitheater in Pula, Porecbasilica, Split's Daikelian Roman Emperor palace complex and other Roman ruins.These ancient buildings and has a "pearl of the Adriatic" said Dubrovnik and Trogir twoancient city was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.




Croatian cuisine combines Italy, Hungary, Austria and the Far East cuisine, both well preserved its original character but also into the local culinary tradition.

Croatia has more than fifty kinds of different local dishes and local cheese and desserts. Worthy to recommend to you the best bonfire barbecue, Dalmatian smoked ham (prosutto), goat cheese and kulen (pepper flavored sausage). In mainland China, more popular dish is turkey with mlinci (grilled chicken juice soaked fire dough) and cheese (cheese and salty cake). Coastal cuisine is more popular Dalmatian style fish stew, seafood soup and seafood salad.

Diet Croatian cuisine combines Italy, Hungary, Austria and the Far East cuisine, there are more than 50 kinds of local dishes and local cheeses and desserts. Campfire barbecue, Dalmatian smoked ham, goat cheese, etc. The most well-known.
Seafood soup and a variety of fresh salvaged from the sea fish, shrimp, crab as people dizzying. And numerous red wine, white wine, cherry wine is adorned Croats share.





January 1 New Year's Day (Nova godina)
New Year's Day, also known as the "new years" refers to the current calendar of January 1. But before 1911, "New Year" that is today's "Spring Festival", which is the lunar New Year. New Year's Day is a holiday in many countries of the world or regions, such as China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Japan, Korea and so on. Among them China, Singapore and vacation day as a statutory holiday in Japan on vacation for six days, from years ago, on December 29 until the first of which China, Singapore and the day as a statutory holiday leave, leave Japan for six days, from years ago, December 29 day until the second year on January 3. Custom, the "New Year" major blessing to each other in various ways, greeting cards is one of the main forms.

January 6 Epiphany (Bogojavljenje, Tri Kralja)
Epiphany (Greek: επιφάνεια, English: Italian display of the Epiphany, there appear or; Orthodox festival known as baptism) is an important festival of Catholic and Christian, to commemorate and celebrate the birth of Jesus after man first revealed to the Gentiles (referring to the three kings of Orient); Epiphany is January 6 each year, but different religions have different feast day celebration. Epiphany meaning in the Christian point of view mainly include the birth of Jesus Christ man, Dr. Orient (Caspar, Melchior and Balthasar) to Bethlehem to worship El Nino (Jesus), as well as being his pro cousin Saint John the Baptist Jesus childhood All events are being received in 30 AD Baptism in the Jordan River before happened (ie, the truth of the kingdom of Jesus publicity three years before the time). This ancient form of Epiphany festival is Hanukkah Jews, was already set at the January 6 a.

April 8 Easter (Uskrs)
Easter (the resurrection day) is an important festival west, the full moon after the vernal equinox each year on the first Sunday. Christians believe that Easter symbolizes rebirth and hope, to commemorate the crucifixion of Jesus Christ on the third day after the Day of Resurrection cross between AD 30-33 years. If the region has the Easter holidays, it is usually with the Good Friday holiday. Today, many folk customs associated with Easter such as Easter Bunny and Easter eggs are not the origin of Christianity. Jesus commanded his disciples to remember his death (Luke 22: 19, 20).

May 1 International Labor Day (Međunarodni praznik rada)
International Labor Day, also known as "May Day", "International Day demonstrations," is Labor Day in most countries of the world.

June 7 Corpus Christi (Tijelovo)

June 22 Anti-Fascist Day (Dan antifašističke borbe)

June 25 National Day (Dan državnosti)

August 5 local Thanksgiving Day (Dan pobjede i Dan domovinske zahvalnosti)

August 15 Assumption Day (Velika Gospa)

October 8 Independence Day (Dan nezavisnosti)

November 1 All Saints' Day (Dan svih svetih)
All Saints Day is both Catholic and Orthodox festival. In the Catholic Church, the All Saints' Day on November 1 each year. In the Orthodox Church, and Halloween is Pentecost (Pentecost) after the first Sunday, which marks the end of the Easter quarter. All Saints is a Catholic call for all the faithful saints and martyrs, including the well-known and unknown. This festival is the first day of the month of Catholic souls in purgatory, in the name of the saint celebrated festival, which is used as a day to celebrate all been included in the saint's feast of the saint. The Roman Catholic festival (Festum omnium sanctorum) is scheduled for November 1, followed by spirits Day November 2 is the first level of the celebration, including a vigil ceremony and a celebration of 28.

December 25 Christmas Day (Božić)
Christmas in Taiwan, also known as Christmas, is a traditional festival of the church calendar, it is a celebration day Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus. On Christmas Day, most of the Catholic church will be on Christmas Eve on December 24, that is December 25 Midnight Mass held in the morning, and some Christian churches will hold caroling, and then in December 25 to celebrate Christmas ; while the other major branch of Christianity - Orthodox Christmas celebrations in the annual January 7. According to Catholic Gospels, Jesus is the Bethlehem of the Virgin Mary by the Holy Spirit pregnant after giving birth, Mary and her husband Joseph was on his way to Rome census registration. Jesus was born in a Jewish believer seems to be the Messiah prophesied in the plan to come to realize, because Bethlehem is David first family home. Christmas is also the Western world as well as many other areas of public holidays, for example: in Asia, Hong Kong, Macau, Malaysia and Singapore. However, the exact date of Jesus' birth is disputed.

December 26 St. Stephen's Day (Sveti Stjepan)


1月1日 元旦 (Nova godina)
1月6日 主显节 (Bogojavljenje, Tri Kralja)
  主显节(希腊文:επιφάνεια,英文:Epiphany,有出现或显示之意;东正教俗称为洗礼节)是一个天主教及基督教的重要节庆日,以纪念及庆祝耶稣在降生为人后首次显露给外邦人(指东方三贤士);主显节是为每年的1月6日,但因不同的宗教而有不同的庆日庆祝。主显节在基督教角度上的含义主要包括了耶稣基督降生为人、东方博士(Caspar、Melchior和 Balthasar)到伯利恒朝拜圣婴(耶稣),以及耶稣童年时在被他的亲表哥圣若翰洗者在公元30年于约旦河被领受圣洗前所发生过的所有事件(即耶稣宣传天国的道理的三年间之前的时候)。主显节这个节庆的古老形式是犹太人的光明节,当时就已经定在了1月6日了。
4月8日 复活节 (Uskrs)
5月1日 国际劳动节 (Međunarodni praznik rada)
6月7日 圣体节 (Tijelovo)
6月22日 反法西斯日 (Dan antifašističke borbe)
6月25日 国庆日 (Dan državnosti)
8月5日 本土感恩节 (Dan pobjede i Dan domovinske zahvalnosti)
8月15日 圣母升天节 (Velika Gospa)
10月8日 独立日 (Dan nezavisnosti)
11月1日 诸圣节 (Dan svih svetih)
  诸圣节是天主教和东正教都有的节日。在天主教中,诸圣节在每年的11月1日。在东正教中,万圣节是圣灵降临节(Pentecost)之后的第一个星期日,因而标志着复活节季度的结束。诸圣是一个天主教称呼,用于所有忠诚的圣者和殉道者,包括知名的和不知名的。这个节日是天主教的炼灵月的首日,是以圣者的名义庆祝的节日,而这日是用作庆祝所有被列入圣品的圣人的瞻礼。罗马天主教将节日(Festum omnium sanctorum)定于11月1日,紧接着是11月2日的诸灵节,是第一等级的庆典,包含一个守夜礼和一个八日庆期。
12月25日 圣诞节 (Božić)
12月26日 圣史蒂芬日 (Sveti Stjepan)