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白俄罗斯是位于东欧平原的内陆国家,东北部与俄罗斯联邦为邻,南与乌克兰接壤,西同波兰相连,西北部与立陶宛和拉脱维亚毗邻。首都明斯克。白俄罗斯是原苏联加盟共和国,1991年8月25日独立,1991年12月19日改为“白俄罗斯共和国”,简称 “白俄罗斯”,旧译“别洛露西亚”,自称“别拉罗斯”。白俄罗斯工业基础较好,机械制造业、冶金加工业、机床及激光技术等比较发达和先进;IT业也很发达;农业和畜牧业亦较发达。

白俄罗斯共和国简称白俄罗斯。白俄罗斯是欧洲一个内陆国家。白俄罗斯东邻俄罗斯,西北与拉脱维亚和立陶宛交界,西与波兰毗邻,南与乌克兰接壤。属温和大陆性气候。1月平均气温-6℃,7月平均气温25℃。

主要矿产资源有钾盐、岩盐、泥炭、磷灰石等。能源和原材料绝大部分靠进口。大小河流2万多条,总长9.06万公里。有1万余个湖泊,享有“万湖之国”美誉。森林覆盖率36%。境内有3.1万种动物。

白俄罗斯文化生活较丰富,文化基础设施较齐全。有剧院27座;博物馆130所;图书馆4800个;文化馆、俱乐部等4000多个;电影院和放映点3000多个;文化公园27个;马戏院2座;2002年总共有13,000多个文化单位,在册员工59085人。
每年七月在维捷布斯克市举办的“斯拉夫巴扎”艺术节在东欧地区较有影响。

白俄罗斯白露歌舞团是白俄罗斯舞蹈艺术的代表。白露歌舞团于1987年成立于白俄罗斯格罗德诺市。歌舞团创始人-白俄罗斯共和国功勋文化工作者E.A.什托波邀请了来自白俄罗斯,俄罗斯,乌克兰,爱沙尼亚等国家的芭蕾舞演员,音乐家和歌唱家组成了

歌舞团曾参加过在瑞士达沃斯举办的世界经济论坛文化节目,以及在莫斯科、贝尔格莱德、克拉斯诺达尔、瑞士、德国、法国和中国举办的白俄罗斯文化节活动。
白露歌舞团虽然不是民族歌舞团,但非常珍惜民族传统。他们认为民族传统是一个富有生命力的源泉,滋养着创作团体,鼓舞着他们寻找新的方向。

白俄罗斯传统服饰最初受基辅罗斯时期服饰风格的影响,随后主要受波兰、立陶宛、拉脱维亚、俄罗斯等其他欧洲国家的影响。除了受俄罗斯文化的影响,白俄罗斯的烹饪技术接近立陶宛,但给人的感觉是没有邻国丰富,也没有邻国那样引人瞩目。可能是由于人们普遍缺乏国家认同感,许多人丧失了传统的饮食习惯。在过去100年,俄罗斯化使白俄罗斯许多传统文化消失。

Belarus is a landlocked country located in the East European Plain , northeast and adjacent to the Russian Federation , Ukraine , bordering South and West connected with Poland , Lithuania and Latvia adjacent to the northwest . Minsk, the capital . Belarus is a former Soviet republic , August 25, 1991 independence , December 19, 1991 to " Republic of Belarus " , referred to as " Belarus " , the old translation " Biello Lucia ", claiming "Do Larose ." Belarusian good industrial foundation , machinery manufacturing , metallurgical industry , machine tools and laser technology is more developed and advanced ; IT industry is very developed ; compared developed agriculture and animal husbandry .

Referred to the Republic of Belarus Belarus . Belarus is a landlocked European country. Russia, Belarus to the east , northwest border with Latvia and Lithuania , Poland, adjacent to the west and south, and the Ukrainian border. Is moderate continental climate . January average temperature of -6 ℃, 7 monthly average temperature of 25 ℃.

The main mineral resources are potash , rock salt , peat, apatite. The vast majority of imported energy and raw materials . Rivers and streams over 20,000 , total length of 90,600 km . There are more than 10,000 lakes , enjoy the " Wannsee country" in the world. Forest coverage rate of 36% . There are 31,000 kinds of animals.

Belarusian cultural life richer , more complete cultural infrastructure . There are theaters 27 ; Museum 130 ; Library 4800 ; over 4,000 cultural centers, clubs , etc. ; cinemas and screening points over 3000 ; Cultural Park 27 ; seat theater two horses ; 2002 a total of more than 13,000 cultural unit , the staff of 59,085 people .
Every July in Vitebsk city 's " Slavonic Bazaar " festival in Eastern Europe a more influential .

Belarus is the representative of Belarus dance ensembles dew art. Dew ensembles founded in 1987 in the city of Grodno in Belarus . Song and Dance Ensemble founder - the Republic of Belarus feats cultural workers EA Shituo Bo invited ballerina , musicians and singers from Belarus , Russia, Ukraine , Estonia and other countries make up the

Ensembles took part in the World Economic Forum held in Davos, cultural programs , as well as the Belarusian Culture Festival in Moscow , Belgrade, Krasnodar , Switzerland, Germany , France and China held .
Although not ethnic ensembles ensembles dew , but very cherished national tradition . They think that is a rich national traditions source of vitality , nourish the creative community , encouraging them to find a new direction.

Belarus initially affected Kievan Rus traditional costumes during dress style influence , followed mainly affected Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Russia and other European countries. Excluding the impact of Russian culture by Belarus cooking techniques close to Lithuania, but the impression is no rich neighbors , no neighbors so impressive. It may be due to a general lack of national identity , many people lost their traditional diet. In the past 100 years , Russification so many traditional cultures disappeared in Belarus .

BELARUS CULTURE

Belarus straightforward, like open honest not hide buried; willing to engage in mutual exchanges, reasonable but not outside;
Traditional national characteristics, for white worship; taboo yellow roses, Dear John was using its treatment;
The number of "Thirteen" and that disgust, black depression unloved.

Belarus heroic character, carefully indeed, common sense, good reciprocity with the outside world, and attaches great importance courteous, civilized language often "talk." They said he was happy, they tend to love to laugh, and said in contempt, and always used a slight smile. Therefore, the Chinese people's polite smile, for them, tend to make them feel baffled. Belarus national preference for white advocating that white pure, clean; like red, think red symbolizes courage, and give people inspiration.

Belarusians during social occasions to meet with the guests, mostly accustomed to shake hands for the ceremony; accustomed to embrace ritual meeting guests. Belarus to meet relatives and friends among the general inertia Shi kissing ceremony: elders to the younger generation, in general amounted to kiss the most cordial; between friends, usually kiss the cheek; men to respect women, Dorsch kiss on the hand; couple Shi ritual kiss lip or between couples.

Belarusian people believe Russian Orthodox, who are mostly Northwest Catholic. They worship salt is that salt can ward off disaster, it is also touch on the salt sprinkled bloopers that it is ominous. They taboo with yellow roses as a gift. Think it is a symbol of friendship sever is a frustrating flowers. Their "13" numbers very annoying. That "13" is a fierce number, give people the impression of catastrophe or bring disaster. They engage in social activities with the left hand, it is very offensive. That the use of the left hand is impolite manners. They taboo black. In particular, see the black cat, and even make them feel frustrated.

白俄罗斯人直率, 喜欢开诚不藏埋;乐于相互搞交往, 通情达理不见外;
民族传统有特色, 对于白色很崇拜;忌讳黄色蔷薇花, 绝交才用其相待;
“十三”之数受厌恶, 黑色沮丧没人爱。

白俄罗斯人性格豪迈,心地实在,通情达理,善于同外界礼尚往来,并且非常重视礼貌待客,文明用语时常“挂在嘴边”。他们表示高兴时,往往爱开怀大笑,而表示轻蔑时,又总习惯微微地一笑。因此,中国人的礼貌微笑,对他们来说,往往会使他们感到莫名其妙。白俄罗斯民族崇尚偏爱白色,认为白色纯真、洁净;也喜欢红色,认为红色象征着勇敢,并会给人以鼓舞。

白俄罗斯人在社交场合与客人相见时,大多惯以握手为礼;也习惯以拥抱礼会见客人。白俄罗斯人对亲朋好友间的相见,一般惯施亲吻礼:长辈对晚辈,一般以吻额为最亲切;朋友之间,一般都吻面颊;男子对尊敬的妇女,多施吻手礼;夫妇或情侣之间施吻唇礼。

白俄罗斯人多信俄罗斯正教,西北地区的人则多信天主教。他们对盐十分崇拜,认为盐能驱邪除灾,故又对把盐碰撒比较忌讳,认为其为不祥的预兆。他们忌讳以黄色的蔷薇花为赠礼。认为这是断绝友谊的象征,是一种令人沮丧的花。他们对“13”数字很讨厌。认为“13”是个凶数,会给人以大祸临头的印象或给人带来灾难。他们对以左手搞社交活动的人很反感。认为使用左手为不礼貌的举止。他们忌讳黑色。尤其见到黑猫,更会使他们感到沮丧。

BELARUS ARCHITECTYURE

Tractor Stadium (Traktor Stadium) is the second largest football stadium in Belarus, but also Belarus Football League team MTZ Leip football club, the stadium completed in 1968, the stadium is part of the urban expansion plans, plans in the capital of the Soviet Republic of Belarus each built a new suburb area sports venues to accommodate the rapidly growing population of Minsk. Before the stadium was rebuilt in 1980 Moscow Olympics as an alternate stadium Dinamo Stadium.

Trask Coliseum is located in Minsk, Belarus, a comprehensive indoor stadium. One of the main purposes of the stadium for ice hockey, as Continental Hockey League Dinamo Minsk ice hockey club. January 30, 2010 the stadium was officially opened on the same day the 2nd Continental Hockey League All-Star Game held here. Stadium's first game for January 14, 2010 Dynamo Minsk played MET- Magnitogorsk. The stadium is one of the two main venues of the world ice hockey championship in 2014.

拖拉机体育场(Traktor Stadium)是白俄罗斯第二大的足球场,同时也是白俄罗斯足球联赛球队MTZ莱普足球俱乐部的主场,球场在1968年落成, 体育场是城市扩张计划的一部分,计划在苏维埃白俄罗斯共和国首都的每一个新郊区建一个体育场所区,以适应明斯克快速增长的人口。体育场在1980年莫斯科奥运会之前得以重建,作为迪纳莫体育场的备用体育场。

斯克体育馆是一座位于白俄罗斯明斯克的综合性室内体育馆。本体育馆的主要用途之一为冰球,是作为大陆冰球联盟明斯克迪纳摩冰球俱乐部的主场。 2010年1月30日体育馆正式启用,同天第2届大陆冰球联盟全明星赛在此举行。体育馆的第一场比赛为2010年1月14日明斯克迪纳摩出战MET-马格尼托哥尔斯克。本体育馆为2014年世界冰球锦标赛两个主要场馆之一。

BELARUS ARTS

Belarus National Institute of Arts is located in Minsk, capital of Belarus, built in 1945, is a trained many world-class artists of the school, called BSAA. Was established with the full support of the Belarusian Academy of Art University's next. Creative Arts Center focuses on Western design education, to let more interested in learning the creative thinking of young people go through a learning system inspired thinking and inspire creative potential, to lay a solid foundation art and design, so as to apply for admission to the world-renowned art and design university do good preparation. In this center, students are able to experience the vitality and creativity of the people from Moscow, we want students to learn creative thinking this, as much as possible to stimulate creative potential.

Now has oil paintings, prints, sculpture, theater, performance, design and other professionals. Education in Belarus is the top of the National Institute of Arts diploma, learning one, attend lectures and demonstration classes with foreign teachers, to participate in international fairs, the famous professor - 米海尔博罗 hereby incorporated, Fraser quarter Mir Tianjin establish conditions under which odd, 列夫托尔布 Tianjin and so on.

First, the Drama Department (classes are divided into four majors and 16 subjects):

Performing arts (drama movie theater performing arts, puppet theater performing arts, music, drama Performing Arts)

Director (theater director, puppet theater director, art film director, documentary filmmaker, film recording director, television director, audio director, musical director)

Drama (organization and management principles and historical drama, theater works, films and television management)

Cinematography (cinematography, television cameras).

Study period: 4 years of professional performing arts, director, drama school five years, theater director, film and television photography four years.

Second, the Fine Arts Department:

Life drawing (easel painting, oil painting, decorative painting, drama, film and creative styling)

Sketch (books and decorative illustrations, sketches shelves, wall charts)

Sculpture, magnificent decorative arts, art (plastic arts, practical and decorative arts, integrated arts school).

Duration of study: Department of Fine Arts for six years, five years of professional art.

Three, crafts decorative art and design and practical art: the main handicraft art and design (daily consumables process design, equipment, transportation and production process design, process design furniture)

Complex visual space design (interior design) icon design communication design (television advertising)

Apparel and textile design (sewing products design, knit products design, textiles design)

Practical decorative arts (art pottery, art glass, art metal products)

白俄罗斯国立艺术学院位于白俄罗斯首都明斯克,建于1945年,是一所培养了众多国际级艺术大师的学校,简称BSAA。是在白俄罗斯艺术大学的全力支持下设立的。中心专注于西方创意艺术设计教育,力求让更多有志于学习创意思维的青少年通过系统的学习去启发思维,激发创作潜能,奠定扎实的艺术设计基础,从而为申请入读世界知名艺术设计大学做好准备。在本中心里,学生能够体验来自民斯科的活力和创意,我们希望学生能以此学习创造性思维,尽可能地激发创作潜能。

现设有油画,版画,雕塑,戏剧,表演,设计等专业。教育在白俄罗斯国立艺术学院是头等的毕业证书,学习一对一,参加讲演和示范课跟外国的教师,参加国际博览会,有名的教授——米海尔博罗兹纳, 夫拉季米尔津克维奇,列夫托尔布津等等。

一、戏剧系(授课分为4个专业与16个科目):

表演艺术(话剧戏剧电影表演艺术,木偶剧表演艺术,音乐剧表演艺术)

导演(戏剧导演,木偶剧导演,艺术电影导演,纪录片导演,电影录音导演,电视导演,音像导演,音乐剧导演)

戏剧学(戏剧原理与历史,戏剧工作的组织与管理,电影电视管理)

电影电视摄影(电影摄影,电视摄影)。

学习期限:表演艺术专业4年,导演,戏剧学5年,戏剧导演,电影电视摄影4年。

二、美术系:

写生画(画架画,油画,戏剧装饰画,底片造型创意)

素描(书籍的插图与装饰,架上素描,挂图)

雕塑,宏伟装饰艺术,艺术学(造型艺术,实用装饰艺术,综合艺术学)。

学习期限:美术系6年,艺术专业5年。

三、工艺品艺术设计与实用装饰艺术:主体工艺品艺术设计(日常消耗品工艺设计,运输与生产器材工艺设计,家具工艺设计)

复合直观空间设计(室内装潢设计) 图标设计交流设计(电视广告)

服装与纺织品设计(缝纫制品设计,针织制品设计,纺织制品设计)

实用装饰艺术(艺术陶瓷,艺术玻璃制品,艺术金属制品)

BELARUS FOOD

Belarusians eat rye paste and flour, potato pancakes made​​; like yogurt, cottage cheese, cheese; particularly fond of soups; like a cold salad soup, cabbage soup every day can not be separated. They usually dominated by Russian Western, eat black bread, accustomed to using a knife and fork for tableware. They doubly love Chinese food that Chinese cuisine unique, delicious taste.
Belarus on eating habits has the following characteristics:
Focus attention to Sulan cooked dishes, focusing on dishes to large oil weight.
Taste generally more Kouchong, mostly hi salty, spicy, sweet taste.
To face the main staple food, like to eat fried, grilled, baked cake made​​.
Non-staple food to eat pork, beef, mutton, chicken, duck, shrimp, fish, eggs, etc.; vegetables for cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, cabbage, carrots, potatoes and other more favored; spices like to use pepper, tomato sauce, mustard, MSG, salt.
Method for fried, fried, grilled, braised, fried dishes and other cooking method of making preference.
Chinese love China's Beijing Levin, Shandong.
Recipes appreciate assorted platter, Naitang chicken breast, fish bad slip, fire on prawns, Beijing roast duck, boil pork, barbecue, apple cup and other dishes.
Watery liquor drink liquor, like "kvass", yogurt, citric juice, orange juice, coffee, cocoa and other beverages.
Eat fruit plums, pears, peaches, grapes, apples and other fruits; dried fruit to eat peanuts, walnuts and raisins.

白俄罗斯人爱吃黑麦糊和用面粉、土豆做成的薄饼;喜欢酸奶、奶渣、干酪;特别爱喝汤类;象凉杂拌甜汤、白菜汤每天都离不开。他们平时以俄式西餐为主,爱吃黑面包,惯于用刀叉作餐具。他们对中国的饭菜倍加喜欢,认为中国的菜肴独具特色、味美适口。
白俄罗斯人在饮食嗜好上有如下特点:
①注重讲究菜肴要酥烂熟透,注重菜肴要量大油重。
②口味一般较为口重,大多喜咸、辣、甜味。
③主食以面为主,喜欢吃炸、烤、烙制的饼类。
④副食爱吃猪肉、牛肉、羊肉、鸡、鸭、虾、鱼、蛋类等;蔬菜中对卷心菜、黄瓜、西红柿、洋葱、白菜、胡萝卜、土豆等较为偏爱;调料喜用胡椒、番茄酱、芥末、味精、盐等。
⑤制法对煎、炸、烤、烩、炒等烹调方法制作的菜肴偏爱。
⑥中餐 喜爱中国的京莱、鲁菜。
⑦菜谱很欣赏什锦拼盘、奶汤鸡脯、糟溜鱼片、火靠大虾、北京烤鸭、锅烧肘子、烤肉、苹果盅等风味菜肴。
⑧水酒爱喝烈性酒,喜欢“格瓦斯”、酸牛奶、柠蒙汁、桔子汁、咖啡、可可等饮料。
⑨果品爱吃李子、梨、蜜桃、葡萄、苹果等水果;干果爱吃花生米、核桃仁及葡萄干等。

BELARUS SCENERY

Belarus is a scenic state in the central region of Europe, with many countries all around bordering Poland and Ukraine. And its capital Minsk is the most famous scenic spots in this country.

National Museum of Minsk is the city's most famous attractions. The National Museum of the Year at the side of the Belarusian National Palace, is the territory of the country's largest national museum. The collection of items inside the country and more to the war-related. National Museum of Minsk was in 1944 when just opening up, and the main exhibition items to visitors, mostly appeared in this country in the war over, but also in Russia held a special exhibitions. Minsk is the National Museum has three characteristics of a high building, a lot of internal hall, up twenty-five, the total area of ​​up to more than three thousand six hundred meters. In addition to the articles of war, there is also a part of ancient artifacts and works of art.

Minsk tears Island is a memorable big tourist attractions. It is in the old city of Minsk near Las Slovenian river, although it is called the island of tears, but not really a natural island, but a large manmade buildings. It is said that when buildings commemorates the former Soviet Union and the war in Afghanistan, at the expense of the Belarusian soldiers and built. The buildings in the heart of the monument dedicated monument. When this place has just completed, the mother of soldiers who sacrificed to put this place called "tragic and tears Island", later in slowly developing, people put it call simplistic, known as the "island of tears." Now this island except tears solemn commemorative significance, natural beauty all around there is also very good to, is the most attractive Minsk landscape.

白俄罗斯是一个风景秀丽的国家处于欧洲的中部地区,四外与波兰和乌克兰等多个国家接壤。而它的首都明斯克则是这个国家最著名的风景胜地。

明斯克市的国家博物馆是这个城市中最有名的风景名胜。这个国家博物馆年于白俄罗斯国宫的一侧,是这个国家境内规模最大的国家博物馆。内部的收藏物品多以与这个国家的战争有关。明斯克市的国家博物馆是在一九四四年时刚刚对外开放的,而向游人主要展出的物品,大多数都是在这个国家的战争中出现过,而且还在俄罗斯境内举办过专门的展览。明斯克市的国家博物馆是一个高有三层的特色建筑,内部展厅很多,高达二十五个,其总面积高达三千六百多米。除了战争用品之外,还存在着一部分古代文物与艺术作品。

明斯克的泪岛是一个纪念意义很大的旅游景点。它处于明斯克老城区附近的斯维斯洛河中,虽然它叫泪岛,却并不真正的天然岛屿,而是一个大型的人工建筑群。据说这个建筑群是为了纪念在前苏联与阿富汗发生战争时,牺牲的白俄罗斯官兵而修建的。这个建筑群的中心地带有专门的纪念塔碑。在这个地方刚刚建成时,那些牺牲官兵的母亲就把这个地方叫做“悲壮与眼泪岛”,在后来慢慢的发展中,人们就把对它的呼简单化了,称为“泪岛“。现在这泪岛除了庄重的纪念意义之外,那里四外的自然风光也十分出色以,是明斯克市最诱人的一道风景。

BELARUS Happy Holiday

白 俄 罗 斯 的 快 樂 假 期

2014
January 1 New Year's Day (Новы год (Novy Hod))
New Year's Day, also known as the "new years" refers to the current calendar of January 1. But before 1911, "New Year" that is today's "Spring Festival", which is the lunar New Year. New Year's Day is a holiday in many countries of the world or regions, such as China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Japan, Korea and so on. Among them China, Singapore and vacation day as a statutory holiday in Japan on vacation for six days, from years ago, on December 29 until the first of which China, Singapore and the day as a statutory holiday leave, leave Japan for six days, from years ago, December 29 day until the second year on January 3. Custom, the "New Year" major blessing to each other in various ways, greeting cards is one of the main forms.

January 2 New Year's Day (Новы год (Novy Hod))
New Year's Day, also known as the "new years" refers to the current calendar of January 1. But before 1911, "New Year" that is today's "Spring Festival", which is the lunar New Year. New Year's Day is a holiday in many countries of the world or regions, such as China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Japan, Korea and so on. Among them China, Singapore and vacation day as a statutory holiday in Japan on vacation for six days, from years ago, on December 29 until the first of which China, Singapore and the day as a statutory holiday leave, leave Japan for six days, from years ago, December 29 day until the second year on January 3. Custom, the "New Year" major blessing to each other in various ways, greeting cards is one of the main forms.

January 7 Christmas (prawosławne)
Christmas in Taiwan, also known as Christmas, is a traditional festival of the church calendar, it is a celebration day Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus. On Christmas Day, most of the Catholic church will be on Christmas Eve on December 24, that is December 25 Midnight Mass held in the morning, and some Christian churches will hold caroling, and then in December 25 to celebrate Christmas ; while the other major branch of Christianity - Orthodox Christmas celebrations in the annual January 7. According to Catholic Gospels, Jesus is the Bethlehem of the Virgin Mary by the Holy Spirit pregnant after giving birth, Mary and her husband Joseph was on his way to Rome census registration. Jesus was born in a Jewish believer seems to be the Messiah prophesied in the plan to come to realize, because Bethlehem is 约瑟祖 David first family home. Christmas is also the Western world as well as many other areas of public holidays, for example: in Asia, Hong Kong, Macau, Malaysia and Singapore. However, the exact date of Jesus' birth is disputed.

March 8 International Women's Day (Мiжнародны жаночы дзень (Mižnarodny žanočy dzień))
International Women's Day is a holiday in the annual March 8 to celebrate the important contributions of women in the economic, political and social fields and made ​​great achievements established. At the same time, but also to commemorate the deaths of more than 140 workers in 1911 in New York City Triangle Factory Fire.

March 15 Constitution Day (Дзень Канстытуцыi)

April 8 Orthodox Easter
Easter (the resurrection day) is an important festival west, the full moon after the vernal equinox each year on the first Sunday. Christians believe that Easter symbolizes rebirth and hope, to commemorate the crucifixion of Jesus Christ on the third day after the Day of Resurrection cross between AD 30-33 years. If the region has the Easter holidays, it is usually with the Good Friday holiday. Today, many folk customs associated with Easter such as Easter Bunny and Easter eggs are not the origin of Christianity. Jesus commanded his disciples to remember his death (Luke 22: 19, 20).

April 15 Orthodox Easter

April 24 Halloween (Радунiца (Radunica))

May 1 International Labor Day (Дзень працы) International Labor Day, also known as "May Day", "International Day demonstrations," is Labor Day in most countries of the world.

May 9 Victory Day (Дзень Перамогi)

July 3 Independence Day (Дзень Незалежнасцi)

November 7th Revolution Day (Дзень Кастрычніцкай рэвалюцыі)
October Revolution (also known as the Bolshevik Revolution, the Russian communist revolution, etc.) is the 1917 Russian Revolution experienced a second stage after the February Revolution. October Revolution occurred on November 7, 1917 (Julian calendar October 25).

December 25 Orthodox Christmas

2014

1月1日 元旦 (Новы год (Novy Hod))
  元旦,也被称为“新历年”,是指现行公历的1月1日。但在1911年之前,“元旦”即是今天的“春节”,也就是夏历新年。元旦是世界上很多国家或地区的法定假日,如中国大陆、台湾、香港、澳门、新加坡、日本、韩国等。其中中国、新加坡均作为法定假日休假一天,日本休假六天,从年前的12月29日一直到第其中中国、新加坡均作为法定假日休假一天,日本休假六天,从年前的12月29日一直到第二年的1月3日。习俗方面,“元旦”主要以各种方式互相祝福,贺年卡是其中主要形式。
   
1月2日 元旦 (Новы год (Novy Hod))
  元旦,也被称为“新历年”,是指现行公历的1月1日。但在1911年之前,“元旦”即是今天的“春节”,也就是夏历新年。元旦是世界上很多国家或地区的法定假日,如中国大陆、台湾、香港、澳门、新加坡、日本、韩国等。其中中国、新加坡均作为法定假日休假一天,日本休假六天,从年前的12月29日一直到第其中中国、新加坡均作为法定假日休假一天,日本休假六天,从年前的12月29日一直到第二年的1月3日。习俗方面,“元旦”主要以各种方式互相祝福,贺年卡是其中主要形式。
   
1月7日 圣诞节 (prawosławne)
  圣诞节,在台湾也称作圣诞节,是教会年历的一个传统节日,它是基督徒庆祝耶稣基督诞生的庆祝日。在圣诞节,大部分的天主教教堂都会先在12月24日的平安夜,亦即12月25日凌晨举行子夜弥撒,而一些基督教会则会举行报佳音,然后在12月25日庆祝圣诞节;而基督教的另一大分支——东正教的圣诞节庆祝则在每年的1月7日。根据天主教的福音书,耶稣是伯利恒的圣母玛利亚受圣灵感孕后生下的,玛利亚和丈夫约瑟当时正在去罗马人口普查注册的路上。耶稣的出生在信徒看来是犹太教预言中的默西亚将要到来计划的实现,因为伯利恒是约瑟祖先戴维一族的家。圣诞节也是西方世界以及其它很多地区的公共假日,例如:在亚洲的香港、澳门、马来西亚和新加坡。但耶稣确切的出生日期是存在争议的。
   
3月8日 国际妇女节 (Мiжнародны жаночы дзень (Mižnarodny žanočy dzień))
  国际妇女节是在每年的3月8日为庆祝妇女在经济、政治和社会等领域做出的重要贡献和取得的巨大成就而设立的节日。同时,也是为了纪念在1911年美国纽约三角工厂火灾中丧生的140多名女工。
   
3月15日 宪法日 (Дзень Канстытуцыi)
   
4月8日 东正教复活节
  复活节(主复活日)是一个西方的重要节日,在每年春分月圆之后第一个星期日。基督徒认为,复活节象征着重生与希望,为纪念耶稣基督于公元30到33年之间被钉死在十字架之后第三天复活的日子。如该地区有复活节假期的话,通常与耶稣受难日一起放假。今天,许多与复活节相关的民间风俗例如复活节兔和复活节彩蛋都不是起源于基督教的。耶稣只吩咐门徒要记念自己的死亡(路加福音22:19,20)。
   
4月15日 东正教复活节
   
4月24日 万圣节 (Радунiца (Radunica))
   
5月1日 国际劳动节 (Дзень працы) 国际劳动节又称“五一国际劳动节”、“国际示威游行日”,是世界上大多数国家的劳动节。
   
5月9日 胜利日 (Дзень Перамогi)
   
7月3日 独立日 (Дзень Незалежнасцi)
   
11月7日 革命纪念日 (Дзень Кастрычніцкай рэвалюцыі)
  十月革命(又称布尔什维克革命、俄国共产革命等)是1917年俄国革命经历了二月革命后的第二个阶段。十月革命发生于1917年11月7日(儒略历10月25日)。
   
12月25日 东正教圣诞节