1. The name ‘India’ is derived from the river Indus. It is a valley around which people settled in earlier times.

2. India is the world’s oldest, largest and continuous civilization – the Indus Valley civilization.

3. India is also one of the largest democracies in the world.

4. India has the largest postal system in the world with more than 150,000 post offices, which is thrice the size of that of China

5. India has more than 300,000 active mosques. This outnumbers any other country in the world, even the Muslim countries.

6. The second largest pool of engineers and scientists is from India.

7. India is the second largest English speaking country in the world – 125,226,449 numbers of English speakers.

8. Indian railway employs more than a million people, making it the largest employers in the world.

A locomotive from the Indian Railways.

9. India is the 7th largest country in the world and the largest democracy.

10. The city Montessori School, in Lucknow, is the world’s largest school in terms of students with over 45,000 inductees.

The ancient diamond shaped country of India, the largest region of the Indian Subcontinent, extends from the Himalayan Mountains in the north and south into the tropical reaches of the Indian Ocean. With a population of 1,220,800,359 (2013 est), India is the most populous country in the world, and certainly one of the most intriguing.

Its history begins some 500,000 years ago as early hominids graced the land, and from 3300 to 1300 BC the Indus River Valley Civilization flourished.
The sophisticated and technologically advanced Mature Harappan period followed, lasting around 700 years before collapsing and giving rise to the Iron Age Vedic Civilization during the second millennium BC.

The Mauryan dynasty rose to power in 322 BC, and flourished under the leadership of Ashoka the Great - becoming one of the most powerful political and military empires in ancient India.

A succession of weaker kings followed, which contributed to the rapid downfall of the Mauryan dynasty, and by 185 BC the Mauryan dynasty had completely dissolved.
India's "Classical Age" began around the 7th century AD with the Gupta Empire. It was during this time frame that development of India's main spiritual and philosophical systems in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism continued.

The Gurjara Pratiharas of Malwa, Eastern Ganga dynasty of Orissa, Rashtrakutas of the Deccan, and the Palas of Bengal all fought for control of northern India between the 7th and 9th centuries. But it was the Sena dynasty who prevailed, and assumed control of the Pala Empire, dividing the Gurjara Pratiharas into various states.
These states were the first of the Rajput, who became an array of kingdoms managing to exist in some form or another for nearly a millennium.

What is the Indian Famous Food ? Spicy rice dish with vegetables or chicken or mutton or fish or prawns. Ground green leaves used as a side dish for rice or mixed with rice. ... Lentil soup cooked with vegetables and a blend of south Indian spices (masala). Usually taken with rice, idli, dosa, pongal or upma.

India Festivals - Diwali. Photograph by user San Sharma. ...Holi. Photograph by user Chris Willis. ...Maha Shivaratri. Photograph by user Bhavna Sayana. ...Ramadan / Eid-ul-fitr. ...Raksha Bandhan. ...Navaratri/Durga Puja. ...Dussehra. ...Krishna Janmashtami.






Indonesia, with over 18,000 counted islands, is by far the largest and most varied archipelago on Earth. It spans almost 2 million square kilometers between Asia and Australia. With a population of 248,216,193, Indonesia shares land borders with 3 countries: Malaysia, Timor-Leste and Papa New Guinea.

Islam made its way to Sumatra during the slow downfall of the Srivijayan kingdom, and in its wake the Majapahit state formed. Under the ruling of Gajah Mada, Indonesia experienced a Golden Age, and extended through much of the southern Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra and Bali.

Warfare dominated the late 1500s and on into the mid 1600s as the Sultanate of Mataram expanded the kingdom further, and the Dutch East India Company began dominating trade and colonization in Asia.
Discontent with the current king, Amangkurat I, rose during the 1670s. Despite his attempt at bringing long-term stability, revolts only intensified.
Following the death of Amangkurat I, Amangkurat II gained control of the kingdom, but efforts were lost as a two-year war completely toppled the kingdom.

What do Indonesians like to eat ? Food in Indonesia. Typical meal: A typical Indonesian meal consists of steamed riceand one or two main dishes made of fish, meat, chicken or vegetables, sometimes including soup, all of which are served together. A common side dish is sambal. Manner of eating: Food is eaten with the fingers or with a spoon and fork.

Indonesia Festivals - Nyepi, Balinese New Year. Photo by mattspong, Toraja Funeral Ceremony. Photo by Arian Zweger, Waisak at Borobudur. Photo by pwbaker, Galungan at Bali. Photo by Photo by Carl Ottersen, Bali Arts Festival. Photo by Pandu Adnyana, Bau Nyale Fishing Festival at Lombok. Photo by kenken31.






Over the centuries, numerous empires dominated Mesopotamia, the fertile land we now call Iraq. Located between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, its capital city of Baghdad was at one time the most significant commercial and cultural center in the entire Muslim world.

Tens of thousands died, many were victims of the chemical weapons introduced by Iraq. The economic loss to Iraq was estimated at more than $100 billion.
When Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990, provoked by the long standing territorial dispute between the two countries, the Gulf War began, and their forces were quickly defeated by a military coalition.

Today, after the U. S.-led invasion in March of 2003, the Hussein power base is gone, and Iraq is in transition. Unfortunately, the country's future is uncertain. There is continued political and religious tension, constant terrorist attacks and the Iraquis struggle to eke out an existence.

Iran Food - Several Iranian stew dishes are listed within the following table. Khoresh e bademjan: Eggplant stewwith tomato and saffron. Khoresh e fesenjan: Stewflavored with pomegranate syrup or ground walnuts. Khoresh e qeyme: Stew with split peas, French fries, and dried lime.







Iran, the second largest country in the Middle East, has 5,000 years of fascinating history, and is home to one of the world's oldest continuous major civilizations.
Known as Persia until 1935, Iran was unified as a nation in 625 BC by the Medes, and was first ruled by the Achaemenid Empire; succeeded by the Seleucid Empire, the Parthians and then the Sassanids until 651 AD.

Muslims invaded Iran in 656, marking a turning point for their history, as the new Islamic policy became gradually absorbed into the Persian civilization.
Genghis Khan invaded Iran in 1218, and massacred more than half of the country's population. The past six centuries of Islamic influence were stripped away as the Mongols destroyed the culture, burned libraries and replaced mosques with Buddhist temples.

Nader was known as one of the last great conquerors of Asia, but his cruel nature during his final years led to a series of revolts and his ultimate assassination in 1747.
Following Nader's death, a period of anarchy in Iran prevailed as commanders fought for power, until the Qajar dynasty succeeded in becoming the new shahs.
Aside from the Qajars, a few European countries, such as Great Britain, Russia, and France began establishing footholds in the region.

What is the national dish or Iraq ? Masgouf. Semeç Masgûf (Arabic: سمچ مسگوف), or simply masgûf, is a Mesopotamian dish consisting of seasoned, grilled carp; it is often considered the national dish of Iraq.





The small (densely populated) State of Israel occupies about 75% of an area long known as Canaan. It has a population of 7,707,042 and became an independent state in 1948, celebrating their national day on May 14th. This historic, volatile spot is significant for Christians, Muslims and Jews, as Jerusalem is recognized as a holy city by all three religious faiths.

Jewish leader, Simon Bar Kokhba, sparked another major revolt in 132 AD, known as the Bar-Kochba revolt, which was the last of the Jewish-Roman Wars. Unfortunately, the outcome was not in the Jewish favor, as hundreds of thousands were massacred, and the Jewish religious and political authority became suppressed.

What is the most common food in Israel ? A typical lunch in Israel is shnitzel with different side salads, including hummus and tahini, and served with rice or mashed potatoes, and vegetables. For a quick meal on the go, it's easy to grab a falafel or shwarma on the street, usually stuffed in pita with French fries ("chips") and salad.

Israel Festivals - Sukkot in the Negev & Dead Sea 2017. Numerous Events take place during Sukkot in the Negev and at the Dead Sea region of southern Israel. ...Sukkot in Tel Aviv 2017. ...Sukkot in Jerusalem 2017. ...Yom Kippur in Israel. ...Rosh Hashana in Israel. ...Passover in Jerusalem 2017. ...Passover in Israel 2017. ...Purim in Israel.

以色列的小(人口稠密)国家占据了迦南地区的75%。 人口7,707,042人,于1948年成为独立国家,于5月14日庆祝国庆节。 这个历史悠久的,不稳定的地方对于基督徒,穆斯林和犹太人来说是重要的,耶路撒冷被所有三个宗教信仰认定为一个圣城。

犹太人领袖西蒙·巴尔·科赫巴(Simon Bar Kokhba)在公元132年引发了另一次重大的反抗,被称为巴尔科奇巴的反抗,这是犹太罗马战争的最后一次。 不幸的是,结果不是在犹太人的青睐中,成千上万的人被屠杀,犹太的宗教和政治权威被压制。