WORLDWIDE MAP STORIES - ASIA

India

INDIA INTERESTING FACTS

1. The name ‘India’ is derived from the river Indus. It is a valley around which people settled in earlier times.

2. India is the world’s oldest, largest and continuous civilization – the Indus Valley civilization.

3. India is also one of the largest democracies in the world.

4. India has the largest postal system in the world with more than 150,000 post offices, which is thrice the size of that of China

5. India has more than 300,000 active mosques. This outnumbers any other country in the world, even the Muslim countries.

6. The second largest pool of engineers and scientists is from India.

7. India is the second largest English speaking country in the world – 125,226,449 numbers of English speakers.

8. Indian railway employs more than a million people, making it the largest employers in the world.

A locomotive from the Indian Railways.

9. India is the 7th largest country in the world and the largest democracy.

10. The city Montessori School, in Lucknow, is the world’s largest school in terms of students with over 45,000 inductees.

The ancient diamond shaped country of India, the largest region of the Indian Subcontinent, extends from the Himalayan Mountains in the north and south into the tropical reaches of the Indian Ocean. With a population of 1,220,800,359 (2013 est), India is the most populous country in the world, and certainly one of the most intriguing.

Its history begins some 500,000 years ago as early hominids graced the land, and from 3300 to 1300 BC the Indus River Valley Civilization flourished.
The sophisticated and technologically advanced Mature Harappan period followed, lasting around 700 years before collapsing and giving rise to the Iron Age Vedic Civilization during the second millennium BC.

The Mauryan dynasty rose to power in 322 BC, and flourished under the leadership of Ashoka the Great - becoming one of the most powerful political and military empires in ancient India.

A succession of weaker kings followed, which contributed to the rapid downfall of the Mauryan dynasty, and by 185 BC the Mauryan dynasty had completely dissolved.
India's "Classical Age" began around the 7th century AD with the Gupta Empire. It was during this time frame that development of India's main spiritual and philosophical systems in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism continued.

The Gurjara Pratiharas of Malwa, Eastern Ganga dynasty of Orissa, Rashtrakutas of the Deccan, and the Palas of Bengal all fought for control of northern India between the 7th and 9th centuries. But it was the Sena dynasty who prevailed, and assumed control of the Pala Empire, dividing the Gurjara Pratiharas into various states.
These states were the first of the Rajput, who became an array of kingdoms managing to exist in some form or another for nearly a millennium.

What is the Indian Famous Food ? Spicy rice dish with vegetables or chicken or mutton or fish or prawns. Ground green leaves used as a side dish for rice or mixed with rice. ... Lentil soup cooked with vegetables and a blend of south Indian spices (masala). Usually taken with rice, idli, dosa, pongal or upma.

India Festivals - Diwali. Photograph by www.flickr.com user San Sharma. ...Holi. Photograph by www.flickr.com user Chris Willis. ...Maha Shivaratri. Photograph by www.flickr.com user Bhavna Sayana. ...Ramadan / Eid-ul-fitr. ...Raksha Bandhan. ...Navaratri/Durga Puja. ...Dussehra. ...Krishna Janmashtami.

印度次大陆最大地区印度的古代钻石形状国家从北部和南部的喜马拉雅山脉延伸到热带。印度人口为1,220,800,359人(2013年),是世界人口最多的国家,当然是最有趣的国家之一。
这个曾经包括今天孟加拉国和巴基斯坦土地在内的多样化和肥沃的国家在一段时间内被掠夺。
它的历史开始于50万年前,早期的人类占领了这片土地,公元前3300年至公元前1300年,梧桐河谷文明兴盛。
复杂和技术先进的成熟哈拉潘时期,在公元前二千年之前,在崩溃之前持续大约700年,并引起铁器时代的吠陀文明。

印度和亚洲大部分地区在公元前530年的塞尔斯大峡谷被征服,公元前326年的亚历山大大帝。波斯和希腊入侵在一起给印度文明留下了持久的印象,波斯影响着未来的政府形式。
毛里求王在公元前322年上台,在阿苏卡大帝的领导下蓬勃发展,成为古印度最强大的政治和军事帝国之一。
随之而来的是一连串的弱国,这促成了毛里求斯王朝的快速垮台,而在公元前185年,毛里扬王朝已经完全解散了。
印度的“古典时代”始于公元七世纪,与古普帝国。正是在这个时间框架内,印度发展印度教,佛教和耆那教的主要精神和哲学系统继续发展。

马拉瓦的古拉雅Pratiharas,奥里萨邦的东加加王朝,Deccan的Rashtrakutas和孟加拉的Palas都在七至九世纪之间为控制印度北部而战。但是,塞纳河王朝占上风,并且控制了帕拉帝国,将古拉拉Pratiharas分为不同的国家。
这些国家是Rajput的第一个国家,他们成为一系列王国,在几千年之内以某种形式存在。

Indonesia

 

Indonesia, with over 18,000 counted islands, is by far the largest and most varied archipelago on Earth. It spans almost 2 million square kilometers between Asia and Australia. With a population of 248,216,193, Indonesia shares land borders with 3 countries: Malaysia, Timor-Leste and Papa New Guinea.

Islam made its way to Sumatra during the slow downfall of the Srivijayan kingdom, and in its wake the Majapahit state formed. Under the ruling of Gajah Mada, Indonesia experienced a Golden Age, and extended through much of the southern Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra and Bali.

Warfare dominated the late 1500s and on into the mid 1600s as the Sultanate of Mataram expanded the kingdom further, and the Dutch East India Company began dominating trade and colonization in Asia.
Discontent with the current king, Amangkurat I, rose during the 1670s. Despite his attempt at bringing long-term stability, revolts only intensified.
Following the death of Amangkurat I, Amangkurat II gained control of the kingdom, but efforts were lost as a two-year war completely toppled the kingdom.

What do Indonesians like to eat ? Food in Indonesia. Typical meal: A typical Indonesian meal consists of steamed riceand one or two main dishes made of fish, meat, chicken or vegetables, sometimes including soup, all of which are served together. A common side dish is sambal. Manner of eating: Food is eaten with the fingers or with a spoon and fork.

Indonesia Festivals - Nyepi, Balinese New Year. Photo by mattspong, Toraja Funeral Ceremony. Photo by Arian Zweger, Waisak at Borobudur. Photo by pwbaker, Galungan at Bali. Photo by Photo by Carl Ottersen, Bali Arts Festival. Photo by Pandu Adnyana, Bau Nyale Fishing Festival at Lombok. Photo by kenken31.

印度尼西亚拥有超过18,000个岛屿,是迄今为止地球上规模最大,种类最多的群岛。它跨越了亚洲和澳大利亚之间的近200万平方英里。印度尼西亚人口248,216,193人与3个国家:马来西亚,东帝汶和巴布亚新几内亚共享陆地。

伊斯兰教在Srivijayan王国的缓慢垮台中走向了苏门答腊,并在Majapahit国家形成。印度尼西亚在加亚马达的统治下,经历了黄金时代,并延伸到马来半岛南部的大部分岛屿,婆罗洲,苏门答腊岛和巴厘岛。

战争主宰了十五世纪末,十六世纪中期,马塔兰的苏丹国进一步扩大了国家,荷兰东印度公司开始主宰亚洲的贸易和殖民化。
与现在的国王阿蒙库拉特一世不满,于十七世纪七十年代崛起。尽管他试图带来长期的稳定,反抗也只会加剧。
在阿蒙库拉特一世死亡之后,阿曼库拉特二世获得了对王国的控制,但是作为一个两年的战争彻底推翻了王国,失去了努力。

WONDERFUL OLYMPIC RECORDS

Iran

Over the centuries, numerous empires dominated Mesopotamia, the fertile land we now call Iraq. Located between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, its capital city of Baghdad was at one time the most significant commercial and cultural center in the entire Muslim world.

Tens of thousands died, many were victims of the chemical weapons introduced by Iraq. The economic loss to Iraq was estimated at more than $100 billion.
When Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990, provoked by the long standing territorial dispute between the two countries, the Gulf War began, and their forces were quickly defeated by a military coalition.

Today, after the U. S.-led invasion in March of 2003, the Hussein power base is gone, and Iraq is in transition. Unfortunately, the country's future is uncertain. There is continued political and religious tension, constant terrorist attacks and the Iraquis struggle to eke out an existence.

Iran Food - Several Iranian stew dishes are listed within the following table. Khoresh e bademjan: Eggplant stewwith tomato and saffron. Khoresh e fesenjan: Stewflavored with pomegranate syrup or ground walnuts. Khoresh e qeyme: Stew with split peas, French fries, and dried lime.

 

几个世纪以来,无数的帝国主导了美索不达米亚,我们现在称为伊拉克的肥沃的土地。位于幼发拉底河和底格里斯河之间,其首都巴格达是整个穆斯林世界最重要的商业和文化中心之一。

数以万计的人死亡,许多是伊拉克引进化学武器的受害者。估计伊拉克的经济损失超过1000亿美元。
1990年伊拉克入侵科威特时,由于两国长期以来的领土争端,海湾战争开始,军队迅速被军事联盟打败。

今天,在2003年3月美国领导入侵以后,侯赛因的权力基地已经过去了,伊拉克正在转型。不幸的是,国家的未来是不确定的。持续的政治和宗教紧张局势,不断的恐怖主义袭击和伊拉克争取生存的斗争。

伊拉克目前被认为是世界上最危险的国家之一。由于这些条件,此时伊拉克的旅行是危险的和不可预测的。

iraq

Iran, the second largest country in the Middle East, has 5,000 years of fascinating history, and is home to one of the world's oldest continuous major civilizations.
Known as Persia until 1935, Iran was unified as a nation in 625 BC by the Medes, and was first ruled by the Achaemenid Empire; succeeded by the Seleucid Empire, the Parthians and then the Sassanids until 651 AD.

Muslims invaded Iran in 656, marking a turning point for their history, as the new Islamic policy became gradually absorbed into the Persian civilization.
Genghis Khan invaded Iran in 1218, and massacred more than half of the country's population. The past six centuries of Islamic influence were stripped away as the Mongols destroyed the culture, burned libraries and replaced mosques with Buddhist temples.

Nader was known as one of the last great conquerors of Asia, but his cruel nature during his final years led to a series of revolts and his ultimate assassination in 1747.
Following Nader's death, a period of anarchy in Iran prevailed as commanders fought for power, until the Qajar dynasty succeeded in becoming the new shahs.
Aside from the Qajars, a few European countries, such as Great Britain, Russia, and France began establishing footholds in the region.

What is the national dish or Iraq ? Masgouf. Semeç Masgûf (Arabic: سمچ مسگوف), or simply masgûf, is a Mesopotamian dish consisting of seasoned, grilled carp; it is often considered the national dish of Iraq.

伊朗是中东第二大国家,拥有五千年的迷人历史,是世界上最古老的连续主要文明之一。
被称为波斯直到1935年,伊朗被公元前625年统一为一个国家,由梅德斯统治,最初由阿契美帝国统治;继承了Seleucid帝国,Parthians,然后是Sassanids直到公元651年。

穆斯林在656年入侵伊朗,标志着他们的历史的转折点,因为新的伊斯兰政策逐渐被纳入了波斯文明。
成吉思汗在1218年入侵伊朗,屠杀了全国一半以上的人口。过去六个世纪的伊斯兰影响被剥夺,因为蒙古人摧毁了文化,烧毁了图书馆,用佛教寺庙取代了清真寺。

纳德被认为是亚洲最后一个伟大的征服者之一,但他最后几年的残酷的性格导致了一系列的反抗和他在1747年的最终暗杀。
在纳德死后,伊朗的无政府状态盛行为指挥官争取权力,直到卡贾王朝成功地成为新的沙皇。
除了Qajars外,几个欧洲国家,如英国,俄罗斯和法国,开始在该地区建立起立足点

israel

The small (densely populated) State of Israel occupies about 75% of an area long known as Canaan. It has a population of 7,707,042 and became an independent state in 1948, celebrating their national day on May 14th. This historic, volatile spot is significant for Christians, Muslims and Jews, as Jerusalem is recognized as a holy city by all three religious faiths.

Jewish leader, Simon Bar Kokhba, sparked another major revolt in 132 AD, known as the Bar-Kochba revolt, which was the last of the Jewish-Roman Wars. Unfortunately, the outcome was not in the Jewish favor, as hundreds of thousands were massacred, and the Jewish religious and political authority became suppressed.

What is the most common food in Israel ? A typical lunch in Israel is shnitzel with different side salads, including hummus and tahini, and served with rice or mashed potatoes, and vegetables. For a quick meal on the go, it's easy to grab a falafel or shwarma on the street, usually stuffed in pita with French fries ("chips") and salad.

Israel Festivals - Sukkot in the Negev & Dead Sea 2017. Numerous Events take place during Sukkot in the Negev and at the Dead Sea region of southern Israel. ...Sukkot in Tel Aviv 2017. ...Sukkot in Jerusalem 2017. ...Yom Kippur in Israel. ...Rosh Hashana in Israel. ...Passover in Jerusalem 2017. ...Passover in Israel 2017. ...Purim in Israel.

以色列的小(人口稠密)国家占据了迦南地区的75%。 人口7,707,042人,于1948年成为独立国家,于5月14日庆祝国庆节。 这个历史悠久的,不稳定的地方对于基督徒,穆斯林和犹太人来说是重要的,耶路撒冷被所有三个宗教信仰认定为一个圣城。

犹太人领袖西蒙·巴尔·科赫巴(Simon Bar Kokhba)在公元132年引发了另一次重大的反抗,被称为巴尔科奇巴的反抗,这是犹太罗马战争的最后一次。 不幸的是,结果不是在犹太人的青睐中,成千上万的人被屠杀,犹太的宗教和政治权威被压制。